Information

Botanical characteristics of sweet pepper

Botanical characteristics of sweet pepper


Read all parts of the article "Cultivation of sweet pepper in the conditions of the Leningrad region"
Part 1. Botanical characteristics of sweet pepper
Part 2. Requirements for the growing conditions of sweet pepper
Part 3. Growing seedlings, varieties and hybrids of peppers, suitable for the North-West
Part 4. Agrotechnology of peppers in film greenhouses
Part 5. Diseases and pests of peppers

Cultivation of sweet pepper in the conditions of the Leningrad region. Part 1

For Leningrad gardeners, sweet pepper is a new crop that began to spread from the late 70s of the XX century. This spread was facilitated by a sharp increase in covering materials - various plastic films and non-woven materials such as spunbond and lutrasil, which allowed every amateur gardener to have a film greenhouse and various structures.

Thus, each of them could cultivate heat-loving crops in greenhouses. Sweet pepper has become one of these crops, occupying the main areas of protected ground.

Bell pepper It is widely used in food because of its delicious properties. It has a unique aroma in fresh salads, stewed, stuffed with homemade rice and vegetables, lecho is made from it, salted and canned in the form of various salads.

The specific pleasant aroma of pepper fruits is determined by the presence of essential oils in them, the concentration of which ranges from 0.1-1.25% on dry matter.

The main advantage of pepper is that it is a supplier of a large group of vitamins. In terms of vitamin C content, pepper surpasses all vegetable plants. Depending on the growing conditions and the degree of ripeness of the fruit, vitamin C accumulates in it on average 100-200 mg / 100 g of raw matter, and in some varieties - up to 300 mg.

Pepper fruits are rich in vitamin P (up to 140-170 mg / 100 g), which is a synergist of vitamin C, i.e. enhances its biological effect (delays the oxidation of vitamin C, promotes its complete assimilation). P-active substances are represented mainly by flavonols (25%), catechins (10%) and anthocyanins (5%). The content of P-active substances reaches a maximum at the beginning of fruit ripening, and then decreases, while the content of vitamin C constantly increases as the fruit ripens.

In addition, pepper fruits contain carotene (up to 1.7-2.0 mg / 100 g), B vitamins (thiamine 0.09-0.2 mg / 100 g), riboflavin (0.02-0.1 mg / 100 g), folic acid (0.1-0.17 mg / 100 g), nicotinic acid (0.5-0.6 mg / 100 g). It is enough 20-50 g of fresh pepper (1 fruit) to satisfy the daily human need for vitamins C and R. In terms of the content of vitamins, its fruits exceed greenhouse cucumbers and tomatoes by 5-10 times, and therefore they are of great importance in human nutrition to ensure normal body activity. Eating these vitamins protects a person from disease.

Due to its nutritional value, pepper is widely used on all continents of the world.

The culture of sweet pepper spread to the countries of the Old World only after the discovery of America, from where it was introduced. There is some evidence that pepper did not exist in the countries of the Old World before the discovery of America. However, vegetable pepper was not known in the countries of South America, and its native varieties have not yet been found. Its culture was carried on by the ancient Indians in northern Mexico and in what is now the United States.


Sweet peppers were brought to Europe later than spicy peppers, but the date of this import has not been established. In the 16th and 17th centuries, many botanists and historians mention it. This proves that it spread in Europe at that time.

The first country in Europe to start cultivating pepper was Spain. Then it spread to Italy, Algeria and a number of other countries along the Mediterranean coast and the center of Europe. It was especially widely cultivated in Spain, Hungary and Bulgaria.

Sweet pepper came to Russia from Bulgaria as an amateur culture in the second half of the 18th century. However, it began to be grown on an industrial scale in our country at the end of the first decade of the 20th century in connection with the rapid development of the canning industry in the Krasnodar, Stavropol Territories and the Rostov Region. Now in conditions of protected ground and using seedlings, this crop can be grown everywhere.

Botanical characteristics of sweet pepper

Peppers belong to the capsicum genus, the nightshade family. This family includes over 70 genera and 2000 species of plants, among which, in addition to peppers, there are potatoes, tomatoes, eggplants in the culture. The genus of peppers, in turn, has several species, of which only one species is found in a wide culture - represented by sweet peppers and spicy (hot) peppers.

Under the name "pepper" there are also completely different plants from the pepper family, which are known to the consumer as black pepper and allspice - Jamaican from the myrtle family.

Sweet pepper is a short or medium-sized plant. The leaves are large, ovoid, often dark green. The flowers are large with a white corolla. The fruits are large with thickened (0.15-0.8 cm) walls. The shape of the pepper is from cylindrical to spherical-flattened. The color in an unripe form (technical ripeness) is green or cream, after ripening (biological ripeness) - red, orange or yellow. The pulp is without pungency, sometimes sweet, pleasant to the taste with a special "peppery" aroma.

Sweet pepper evolved in the following direction. Its place of origin is the tropical zone of America, where the largest number of wild-growing forms are concentrated.

Differentiation of the forms of peppers occurred in connection with the changing conditions of their existence, mainly as a result of intensive cultivation on cultivated soils and movement to more northern regions.

Thus, sweet peppers originated from spicy peppers by means of irrigation and cultivation on cultivated soils. The cultivation and ossification of pepper was accompanied by three parallel processes: an increase in fruit size, elimination of bitterness, and an increase in the number of carpels and ovary nests. The increase in the fleshiness of the fruit took place under conditions of intensive cultivation of pepper. The loss of flavoring pungency of pepper is associated with an increase in its size and meatiness.

Large-fruited peppers do not contain tangible pungency. The appearance of this trait in them is possible only as a result of contamination and hybridization with spicy peppers; this symptom is non-conservative and soon disappears without re-clogging.

A variety of tomato peppers

Plants are low or medium in height, semi-spreading or standard. The leaves are large, green or dark green. The flowers are very large. Fruits are round or round-flattened, smooth or ribbed, their size is from 3 to 6 cm in length and from 4 to 8 cm in width. The color of the fruit in an unripe state is green, after ripening it is red, less often it is yellow. The pulp is thick. The fruits on the plant mostly stick up, their number reaches 25. These peppers are very late in maturity. This variety includes varieties: Tomato, Yablokovidny, Rotunda 10.

A variety of bell peppers

Plants are low, below average height; the shape of the bush is compact, less often semi-spreading. The leaves are large, very large, wide, often swollen in the middle like a barrel or a bell; their size ranges from 7 to 10 cm both in length and in width. Fruits are green or dark green at technical ripeness and red or yellow at biological ripeness. The pulp is thick (0.5 to 0.8 cm). The position of the fruit on the bush can be different; the plant often contains up to 10 fruits at a time. The growing season is long. The variety includes varieties: California miracle, Monstrous giant, Osh-kosh.

A variety of cone-shaped peppers

Plants are medium or above average, standard or semi-spreading. The leaves are predominantly dark green, although light green is occasionally found. Fruits are conical, 5 to 9 cm long, 4 to 6 cm wide. Their color is mostly dark green, less often light green or cream. The flesh of the fruit is mostly thick (0.2 to 0.5 cm). The position of the fruit on the plant is often hanging; their number per plant is from 7 to 20. The variety includes varieties: Maykop white, Gloria, etc. Varieties of this variety, due to their thick fleshness, are very valuable for stuffing, give a large yield of caviar.

A variety of bell peppers

Plants are medium or low-growing, rarely tall, compact or semi-sprawling, often standard. Leaves are large, less often of medium size, ovate-pointed or elongated-truncated, elongated-pyramidal or shortened-cylindrical, obtuse, ribbed; their length can exceed the width by 3 times, the width is 3.5-6 cm, the length is 6-12 cm. The color of fruits in the phase of technical maturity can be from cream to green, in seed maturity - red or yellow. The pulp of the fruit is of medium thickness (from 0.2 to 0.4 cm). The position of the fruits on the bush is hanging and mixed; their number per plant is up to 15. This variety includes the following square-fruited varieties: King, Square sweet white, Golden Queen, Bulgarian 46, Bulgarian 35, Ruby Gigant, Large wide red.

A variety of cylindrical peppers

Plants are medium-sized or above average. The leaves are large, green, ovoid and oblong-ovate. Fruits are cylindrical long (12-20 cm and more), width from 3 to 6 cm, sometimes slightly curved. The color of fruits in the phase of technical ripeness is creamy or green, in biological ripeness - red, yellow or orange. The flesh of the fruit is thick, usually tender, and has a pleasant taste. Hanging fruits, their simultaneous number is 10-20 per plant. The varieties include varieties: Giant Prokoppa, Large red cylindrical, Golden King, Cylindrical.

The thick and tender pulp of these varieties makes them one of the first places in the assortment of salad and marinade purposes.

Read part 2. Requirements for growing sweet peppers

N. Lapikov, Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, VIR them. N. I. Vavilova


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Sweet pepper F1 'Red orange' from the GC "Russian Ogorod". Summing up

Sweet Pepper Seed Testing ''Orange red'completed. Already after the end of testing, the ripening of the second fruit of the pepper, removed in a state of technical ripeness, passed very quickly.


23.09 sweet pepper fruit quickly ripened Orange red

All stages of testing are described in detail in the reports:
My love for "three oranges" from GC "Russian Ogorod" - sweet and red
Sweet pepper 'Red orange' F1. Oranges will not be born on aspen and on peppers too
Sweet pepper 'Red orange' F1. Unrequited love.

Testing progress

Growing pepper seedlings:
Seed soaking - 03/17/20.
Germination of seeds:
23.03-24.03.20.
Seed germination - 100%.
Similarity "in diapers":
27.03-30.03.20.
Germination rate - 100%.

Sprouted seeds on the day of germination were planted in "diapers" in the soil Terravita special No. 1 for growing seedlings of tomatoes, peppers, eggplants. She described this process in detail: Growing seedlings of peppers in "diapers". Seedlings were grown on the windowsill of the southeast window at +20. + 22 ° C. The seedlings grew very quickly, after the appearance of real leaves, it became necessary to transfer them to a larger container, but in conditions of self-isolation this was difficult due to the lack of containers. A set of pots ordered from IM was delayed on the way. 04/23/2020 noticed that the seedlings began to wither, considered this a warning signal. After abundant watering, the seedlings recovered, and I carried out an urgent transfer to "tetrapaks" in the same soil.

The care consisted in daily watering with settled water, without additional fertilizing, only due to the fertility of the soil. A strong, good seedling was obtained, which actively bloomed at home, but the fruits were practically not set, only 1 fruit was set on only one of the 3 plants. The use of the drug "Cytovit" for fruit setting was ineffective. The main flowering, the most productive for the harvest, turned out to be unused. With a great delay, I realized that due to the hot weather, pollen was sterilized, so the seedlings of peppers Orange redShe put it on the balcony, where a spider mite was transferred from the trees to her by the wind. The plants were washed with soapy water.

Self-isolation negatively affected the appearance and beauty of the seedlings, and finally on 02/07/2020 it was possible to take out and transplant the seedlings for permanent residence on a warm garden bed. At the time of transplanting, the height of all three plants was about 25 cm, the middle part of the leaves was lost during the process of self-isolation and transportation. All three plants looked different: one with a flower, another with buds, and the third with a single fruit.

For transplantation in a warm bed, I made holes with fertile soil and the addition of vermicompost. All three plants had a perfectly developed root system that encompassed the entire earthen lump. Before planting, to prevent the development of spider mites, the plants were sprayed with dandelion infusion with the addition of soap. Seedlings are planted in 2 rows in a checkerboard pattern with a distance of about 30 cm between plants.


07/02/2020, seedlings of sweet pepper Red orange on a warm garden

The seedlings were watered abundantly with warm water. Above the garden bed, I installed an arc greenhouse with a 42 g / sq. Spunbond covering material. The planting of seedlings was carried out with a great delay on 07/02/2020 in the holes on a sunny warm bed, oriented from north to south, measuring 6 x 1 m (6 sq. m), on which 22 plants of peppers and eggplants were planted, i.e. 0.27 sq. m per plant.

The plants were regularly mulched with grass and leaves, weekly fed with a solution of herbal infusion based on the EM-preparation "Shining 3" (100 ml / 10 l of water). The test results are presented in the correspondence table.


Ultra-ripe and early varieties of peppers: top 20

Early varieties of pepper are primarily bred for cold regions with short summers, where late-ripening cultivars in open-air beds may not have time to ripen. They can be sown later than conventional varieties, but they can be harvested much earlier.

Among experienced gardeners, such early ripening and unpretentious peppers as Swallow and Belozerka have proven themselves. However, there are many new and not very well-known species that, in terms of their characteristics, are in many ways superior to these time-tested varieties.

Super early maturing cultivars

Solanaceous crops are considered to be ultra-early varieties of pepper, which yield their harvest in 3-3.5 months from the beginning of the growing season. Below are the best early maturing species intended for cultivation in open land and under shelter. The ripening period is indicated when the vegetables reach technical (milk) ripeness. This means that they have reached the size characteristic of the variety, but have not yet fully ripened. Despite this, they can be plucked from bushes and eaten.

Ruddy cheeks

The ultra-early ripening varieties of pepper include Ruddy cheeks. You can remove fruits from the bushes after 75-80 days. An early cultivar thrives in any growing conditions: be it open beds or land with shelter.

With incomplete ripeness, the vegetables have a yellow-orange color with a slight blush, due to which the variety received such an interesting name. When fully ripe, the color of the peel changes to dark red.

The mass of one specimen varies from 80 to 100 grams, the thickness is at the level of 5-7 mm. From one bush, you can get up to 1.5 kg of harvest. Medium-sized stem does not grow more than 80 cm in height.

Health

Health belongs to the earliest varietal peppers. Suitable for plots with protective shelters. Pepper reaches technical maturity 3 months after germination.

The bush is 140-170 cm high, semi-spreading. The plant is not prone to apical rot.

Vegetables are small, cone-shaped, weighing 50 grams, they do not stand out in thickness, which is within 4 mm.

Recommended cultivation on a trellis with formation of 2 stems. From 1 sq. m. get an average of 10 kg of vegetables.

A feature of an early and productive cultivar is its undemandingness to light. Therefore, it is suitable for planting in places where the sun's rays are rare guests.

Egyptian force

An ultra-early cold-resistant representative of the nightshade, cultivated in open and protected ground. Before the onset of technical ripeness, 3 months pass from the moment of the growing season.

A low, spreading bush grows up to 50 cm in height. Egyptian vigor has good resistance to major nightshade diseases.

The fruits are thick-walled (0.8-1 cm), compact cone-shaped, weigh about 130 grams. Ripe peppers are delicious, sweet, juicy and aromatic.

Eaglet

An early maturing Eaglet is quite suitable for a temperate climate. It feels good enough in open ground. The first eagles reach technical maturity after 97-107 days.

The eaglet is distinguished by abundant fruiting and unpretentiousness to growing conditions. The nightshade rarely has problems inherent in this culture, due to strong immunity.

The bushes of the plant are compact, do not exceed 30-40 cm, have a bouquet arrangement of fruits. Cone-shaped peppers are rather large (on average 100 grams) and walls up to 0.5 cm thick.

Venti

The ultra-early ripening variety Venti is guaranteed to ripen even on unprotected beds in areas with short and unfriendly summers. Some gardeners cultivate it in a greenhouse, getting a rich harvest with stable fruiting.

The stage of milk ripeness begins in 95-100 days, after the seedlings appear on the surface of the seedling soil.

The plant is small, not exceeding 55 cm in height. Conical peppers reach 15 cm in length, and gain about 100-110 grams in weight.

The early cultivar differs from its kind by remontant. This means that the plant is able to bear fruit several times during one season.

Fakir

A very early ripe variety of peppers, Fakir, was bred by West Siberian breeders. Specially created for the Siberian summer for cultivation in open and closed soil.

The first vegetables can be harvested after 90-100 days, the countdown is traditionally carried out from the moment of emergence.

Fakir perfectly tolerates low temperatures, has good resistance to mosaic virus and fusarium.

Small cone-shaped peppers of red color, when fully ripe, weigh 60-65 grams. They cannot boast of a good wall thickness, which is only 3-3.5 mm.

Firstborn Romantsov

The ultra-early pepper variety Pervenets Romantsova is valued for its stable yield, which it gives when any weather conditions. Open ground is suitable for the cultivation of this representative of the nightshade.

The vegetables are ready to be removed from the plants 80-112 days after the seedlings are fully grown.

Small conical fruits with an average weight of 65 g grow on compact bushes 45-55 cm high, the largest specimens reach 150 g.

The first-born Romantsov has good immunity, therefore it is not very susceptible to nightshade diseases.

Medal

One of the earliest varieties of bell peppers, Medal, is more suitable for cultivation in greenhouses in regions with short summers. In the south, peppers can be planted outdoors.

The crop is harvested as soon as 90-112 days have passed from the moment the seedlings appear. A compact semi-spreading bush grows in a greenhouse up to 1.2 m.

Requires compulsory shaping: removal of stepsons and leaves before the first fork. Miniature elongated fruits weigh about 50 g, and do not have a good wall thickness, which is only 3-4 mm.

The medal stands out for its weather resistance, an abundance of peppers on one plant and a long fruiting period.

The early cultivar is immune to gray mold.

Taiga

The early ripening varieties of pepper, which are successfully cultivated in the open field, include Taezhny. It reaches the stage of milk ripeness in about 100 days. The plant is remarkable for the dwarf type of bush, not exceeding 30 cm.

From 1 sq. m. early variety brings up to 4 kg of yield. Vegetables of medium size, red in color when fully ripe. In mass, they usually do not gain more than 60 g. Cultivar is distinguished by a friendly, fruitful return.

Taezhnoye has good resistance to root rot. It is also slightly susceptible to powdery mildew.

The name of the vegetable crop speaks for itself: the plant is suitable for cold climates and tolerates lower temperatures.

Fat gentleman

One of the richest varieties in terms of yield, pleasing with the early return of vegetables. Fruits, ready to be removed from the plant, are formed in 90-100 days. The thick master is suitable for growing in open beds and in greenhouses.

This early pepper is prized for its high taste characteristics with a pronounced aroma characteristic of this vegetable culture. The fat master is a real giant: cuboid fruits can reach 400 g in weight, while the thickness of the pulp with the skin is about 0.9 cm.

Early maturing cultivars

Early varieties of sweet peppers, in contrast to ultra-early ripening varieties, ripen on average 10 days later. The following is the best ten early-maturing cultivars, which have proven themselves among gardeners.

Good man

The early ripe pepper Dobryak gives the first harvest 98-115 days after the appearance of the first seedlings.

The variety is successfully cultivated in protected structures and in open ground conditions. The type of bush in the variety is standard, closed. When grown outdoors, it does not need to be tied to stakes.

The good man has a spherical slightly flattened shape. The fruits are very thick-walled - up to 1 cm with an average weight of 100 g of one specimen. Fully ripe vegetable is tasty, juicy and pronounced peppery aroma.

The early variety provides gardeners with a stable harvest even under unfavorable growing conditions. It tolerates low temperatures and poor lighting conditions. Endowed with persistent immunity to the tobacco mosaic virus.

Winnie the Pooh

An early dwarf variety of peppers for open ground, Winnie the Pooh, ripens at 107-110 days. This is one of the few cultivars that is able to reach the stage of biological maturity right on unprotected beds, even in the northern regions of the country.

A compact bush with a height of 25-30 cm, strong, with a bouquet arrangement of fruits. The average weight of one pepper is 50 g, the wall thickness is average, varying within 5-8 mm. The plant stands out for its resistance to aphid damage.

Siberian prince

The cultivar belongs to large-fruited varieties with an early return of the harvest. Suitable for outdoor cultivation even in cold and short summers. Technical ripeness occurs 106-114 days after the emergence of seedlings.

When cultivated in the garden, the average yield is 3 kg per sq. m. In conditions of protected ground, plants give 2 times more from the same area. Red conical fruits with juicy and fleshy pulp gain an average of 200 grams.

Spanish sweet

An early variety of sweet peppers Spanish sweet is not afraid of either cold or heat and is disease-resistant. The plant is cultivated in greenhouses and in the open field.

Fruits can be harvested in the milky ripeness phase, which occurs 110-115 days after germination. Even at this stage of maturity, they taste good.

Large elongated prism-shaped peppers weigh 200 g and have a thick, juicy wall. The cultivar gives a stable harvest throughout the growing season. The average height of the bushes is 0.7 m.

Snow White

High-yielding Snow White with an early ripening period yields a harvest at the stage of milk maturity in 105-110 days. Suitable for growing in film greenhouses.

The bush is compact, closed, relatively low (no more than 0.5 m). Fruits of a triangular elongated shape reach a length of 12 cm with an average weight of one specimen 80-100 g. Wall thickness is good - from 5 to 7 mm. Snow White's yield from 1 sq. m is 7 kg.

Morozko

Early ripening Morozko, when fully ripe, gives off thick-walled and juicy fruits. Harvesting is possible on 112-115 days in the phase of milk maturity. Designed for open ground and film structures.

Standard bush, closed, up to 67 cm high, has an average foliage. One plant can set up to 29 fruits weighing up to 110 g.

Morozko has strong immunity to nightshade diseases. Due to its resistance to unfavorable climatic conditions, it is ideal for growing in northern regions.

Golden Rain

An early ripe cultivar with fruits of an interesting shape, yellow-lemon color. In the southern regions, Golden rain can be planted in open beds, in the northern regions, it is wiser to place it in a greenhouse.

Vegetables reach technical maturity approximately on the 116th day from the moment of emergence.

The type of bush is determinant, up to 0.8 m high. The average weight of one vegetable is 60 g, the largest specimens can gain weight of 0.1 kg.

The early variety has good thickness (up to 7 mm). The vegetable has an excellent taste with a pronounced peppery aroma.

Merchant

The merchant is gaining technical ripeness by 111 days after the emergence of mass shoots. Early peppers have a pyramidal appearance of fruits with an average weight of 70 grams. The taste of vegetables is not inferior to late-ripening kultivars. They are very juicy, aromatic and thick-walled. The bush is compact, but tall (up to 85 cm).

The merchant can be grown in the middle lane, southern and northern regions.

Nikitich

Variety Dobrynya Nikitich with an early ripening period is included in the State Register for the Russian Federation. Can be cultivated in unprotected and closed ground. Dobrynya gives off the first peppers in the phase of milky maturity on day 95-110.

The bush is undersized, standard, closed type. Per sq. m. you can plant up to 12 plants. At the same time, the yield is up to 4 kg from this area.

Fruits of red color have a trapezoidal shape, in average they reach 120 grams in weight. Good taste, but with a mild peppery aroma.

Dobrynya Nikitich is resistant to such a disease as verticillosis.

White filling

Early ripening pepper White filling for open and closed ground reaches technical ripeness in 95-110 days after the appearance of seedlings. Pepper seeds for seedlings are planted in early March.

Adult plants are compact, reaching a height of 45-55 cm. The average weight of one fruit is 60-70 g with a wall thickness of 6 mm.

The early variety White filling is appreciated for its good yield and the formation of numerous ovaries, even when cultivated in cold climates. Long-term fruiting, resistance to verticillium and tobacco mosaic virus also make the cultivar interesting for growing on land plots in regions with unfavorable climatic conditions.


• Early maturing variety. The growing season from germination to technical readiness is 95 - 110 days.
• The height of the bushes is 80 - 100 cm.
• Fruits are bright orange, cuboid, large - weight 200 - 250 g, size 10 cm x 9 cm.
• High taste and marketability.
• The pulp is very tender, the wall thickness is 0.5 - 0.8 cm.
• Productivity reaches 7 - 14 kg per sq. meters.
• Purpose: fresh, conservation, blanks.
• Demonstrates resistance to viral diseases.
• Growing: in open beds, in greenhouses.


Sweet pepper varieties

According to the duration of the growing season, all sweet pepper varieties are divided into very early - from sunrise to technical ripeness less than 100 days, early 101 - 120 days, mid-early 121 - 135 days, late 136 - 150 days, very late - more than 150 days. However, this trait, depending on the growing conditions, varies greatly and in some years the beginning of fruiting in some varieties is shifted by 20 days or more.

F1 Aries... Plant 130-140 cm high. From sunrise to technical ripeness 90-108 days. Fruits are large, prism-shaped, dark red, weighing 290-310 g. Fruit wall thickness is up to 7 mm. Resistant to tobacco mosaic virus. Productivity 7-14 kg 1 m².

Bonus... The plant is 55-60 cm high. From sunrise to technical ripeness 85-90 days. Fruits are erect, trapezoidal, 3-4 chambers, weighing 100-120 g, wall thickness 6-7 mm. The color of the fruit is yellowish in technical ripeness, and red in biological ripeness. Productivity 3.6 - 3.9 kg per 1 m².

Katyusha... Plants 55-75 cm high, standard, does not require special shaping. From germination to technical ripeness 100-105 days. The fruit is drooping, 2-3 chambered, glossy, with a wall thickness of 5.5 mm, weighing 100 g. Coloring in technical ripeness is light green, in biological ripeness - yellow. Productivity 3.0-3.5 kg from 1 m².

F1 Cardinal... The plant is 100 cm high. From sunrise to technical ripeness 86-97 days. Fruits are large, cuboid, purple, weighing 250-280g. Fruit wall thickness up to 8 mm. Productivity 8-14 kg from 1 m².

Swallow... The plant is 48-60 cm high. From germination to the first harvest of fruits 106-130 days. The fruit is cone-shaped, smooth, light green in technical ripeness, red in biological ripeness, weighing 70-80g and wall thickness up to 5.5 mm. Productivity up to 6 kg from 1 m².

F1 Montero (Early Miracle). The plant is 100-120 cm high. From germination to technical ripeness 90-100 days. Fruits are prismatic, bright red, weighing 240-260 g. Fruit wall thickness is up to 7 mm. Productivity 7-14 kg per 1 m², depending on growing conditions.

F1 Orange Beauty... Plant up to 1 m high. From germination to technical ripeness 90-110 days. The fruit is cuboid, 4-chambered. In technical ripeness it is light green, in biological it is orange. Fruit weight 180-220g. Wall thickness 8-9 mm. Productivity 8-9 kg from 1 m².

F1 Orange Wonder... The plant is 90-11 cm high. From sunrise to technical ripeness of fruits 100-110 days. Large cuboid fruits. Bright orange color, weighing 230-250g. Fruit wall thickness up to 10 mm. Productivity 7-14 kg per 1 m², depending on growing conditions.

Orien... The plant is 40-60 cm high, compact. From sunrise to technical ripeness 95-100 days. Fruits are elongated, 20-24 cm long, 5-6 cm wide, weighing 125-140 g. Wall thickness is 4-5 mm. The color of the fruit is light yellow in technical ripeness, and bright red in biological ripeness. Productivity 4.5-5 kg ​​/ m².

F1 Peresvet... The plant is 50-60 cm high, compact, standard. From sunrise to technical ripeness 92-105 days. Fruits 2-4 are chambered, prismatic with a slight longitudinal ribbing, light green in technical ripeness, red in biological ripeness, weighing 140-150 g. Wall thickness 5-6 mm. Outdoor yield 5-6 kg per 1 m².

F1 Sonata... Plant up to 100 cm high. From sunrise to technical ripeness of fruits 96-100 days. The fruit is cuboid, 3-4 chambers, smooth, glossy, dark green in technical ripeness, bright red in biological ripeness, weighing 180-200 g. Fruit wall thickness up to 10 mm. Productivity 7-14 kg per 1 m², depending on growing conditions and formation.

F1 Fidelio. The plant is 90-100 cm high. From sunrises to technical ripeness of fruits 80-90 days. Fruits are cuboid, silvery - white, weighing 175g. Fruit wall thickness 7-8 mm. Productivity 7-14 kg per 1 m², depending on growing conditions.

F1 Eldarado... Early ripe, 100-120 cm high. From germination to technical ripeness of fruits 100-105 days. Fruits are prismatic and cuboid, dark green in technical ripeness, bright red in biological ripeness, weighing 170-200 g. Wall thickness 7-8 mm. Productivity 7-14 kg per 1 m², depending on growing conditions.

F1 Jubilee Semko... The plant is 50-60 cm high, compact, standard. From germination to technical ripeness of fruits 92-105 days. Fruits 2-4 are chambered, truncated - pyramidal with small longitudinal ribbing, light green in technical ripeness, red in biological ripeness. Fruit weight 100-120g. Wall thickness 5-8 mm. Productivity 5-7 kg from 1 m².

Medium early

Victoria... The plant is 40-50cm high, half-stemmed. From germination to technical ripeness of fruits 115-128 days. Fruits are conical, wide, light green in technical ripeness, dark red in biological ripeness. The average fruit weight is 100-120g, wall thickness is 5-6 mm. Productivity up to 7 kg from 1 m².

F1 Vitamin... A plant with a height of 50-75 cm, standard, does not require special shaping. From germination to technical ripeness 115-120 days.Fruits are drooping, conical, 2-3 chambered. Glossy, weighing 100-120g, wall thickness 5-6 mm. Fruits in technical ripeness are light green, in biological ripeness they are red-orange. Productivity 4-5 kg ​​from 1 m².

F1 Zarya... The plant is 55-65 cm high. From germination to technical ripeness 110-115 days. Fruits are juicy, oval-conical, drooping, weighing 100-120g. Wall thickness up to 10 mm. Light green in technical ripeness, dark red in biological ripeness. Productivity 5-7 kg from 1 m².

F1 Indalo... The plant is 110-120 cm high. From germination to technical ripeness of fruits 110-120 days. Fruits are cuboid, bright yellow, weighing 280-300g. Wall thickness up to 10 mm. Productivity 7-14 kg per 1 m², depending on growing conditions.

F1 Cube... Plant up to 100 cm high. From germination to technical ripeness of fruits 100-115 days. Fruits are cuboid, 10 × 10 cm in size, 3-4-nested, green in technical ripeness, red in biological ripeness, weighing 150-200 g. Wall thickness 8-9 mm. Productivity 9-10 kg from 1 m².

F1 Rubik... The plant is 90-100 cm high. From germination to technical ripeness 95-110 days. Fruits are prismatic, 9x15 cm in size, 3-4 nests, green in technical ripeness, bright red in biological ripeness. Wall thickness 7-8 mm, weight - 180-220g. The taste is excellent. Resistant to tobacco mosaic virus. Designed for growing in all types of greenhouses and open ground in the middle lane. Productivity 7-9 kg / m².

Garden Ring road... Standard plant, 45-55 cm high, with bouquet fruiting. From germination to technical ripeness 100-105 days. The fruit is drooping, flat-round, with pronounced lobes, 3-4 chambers, weighing 110-130 g, green in technical ripeness, dark red in biological ripeness. Wall thickness 8 mm. Productivity 4-5 kg ​​from 1 m².

Yaroslav... Medium early variety. From germination to fruiting 125 days. The average weight of the fruit is 85g, the color in biological ripeness is yellow, the wall thickness is 0.5 cm. The shape of the fruit is flat-round. Productivity 5-6 kg from 1 m².

Mid-season

Alyosha Popovich... Standard plant, 55-80 cm high. From germination to technical ripeness of fruits 120-125 days. Fruits are drooping, weighing 160-170g, light green in technical ripeness, red in biological ripeness. Wall thickness 6-8 mm. Productivity 4.6 kg per 1 m².

Bogatyr... The plant is 55-60 cm high. From germination to technical ripeness of fruits 125-135 days. Fruits are conical - prismatic, very large, light green in technical ripeness, red in biological ripeness, weighing 150-180g. Wall thickness 5-5.5 mm. Productivity up to 7 kg from 1 m².

Ilya Muromets... Standard plant, 60-90 cm high. From germination to technical ripeness of fruits 125-130 days. Fruits are drooping, from rectangular to trapezoidal, weighing 180 - 300 g, smooth. Wall thickness 5 mm. Coloring in technical ripeness is green, in biological ripeness - red. Productivity 5.2 -5.6 kg 1 m².

F1 Maxim... The plant is 45-90 cm high. From germination to technical ripeness of fruits 120-125 days. Fruits are drooping, conical, 9-10 cm long, weighing 60-80g, purple in technical ripeness. In biological it is dark red. Wall thickness 0.5-0.6 cm. Fruit yield up to 8 kg per 1 m².

Prometheus... The plant is 60-90 cm high. The variety is mid-season, from germination to technical ripeness 118-125 days. The fruit is drooping, prismatic, smooth, glossy, with pronounced lobes, 2-3 chambers, weighing 120-150g. The color in technical ripeness is red. Wall thickness up to 8 mm. Productivity 8-9 kg from 1 m².


Reviews about Giant red pepper

If you have grown Giant red bell pepper, please write whether you like this Dutch hybrid or not. What was the yield in your climatic conditions? How do you rate the disease resistance of this pepper? If possible, attach a photo of your peppers to the comment. Thank you!

Your reviews of Giant red pepper and additions to the description will help many gardeners evaluate this hybrid more objectively and decide whether to plant it or not.

This is an early-ripening hybrid variety of sweet pepper with an increased yield; it bears fruits up to 7 kg per bush. According to the manufacturer, the period from germination to full ripeness of fruits (vegetative maturity) is 135-150 days. Plants are tall, grow to a height of one meter.

The bushes are powerful and dense, do not require a garter. The fruits are large enough, cube-shaped, bright red, 10-12 cm long and weighing up to 300 grams. The walls of the fruit are juicy, fragrant and fleshy, 8-12 mm thick.

The variety is suitable for growing in a greenhouse, but you can safely plant the plants in open ground. It is grown in seedlings. Sowing seedlings should be done in February and early March. A picking of plants is required after the appearance of the first true leaf. After picking the seedlings, you need to apply fertilizer.

Planting of plants should be done according to the scheme 40x60 cm. The plant is demanding on the soil, prefers constant maintenance of heat and humidity. The variety of this pepper is rich in beta-carotene, pectin and vitamin C. Suitable for use raw for salads, for stewing, canning, stuffing and preparation. A distinctive feature is the high resistance of the fruit to transportation.

Remember, the seeds of any hybrids cannot be used for subsequent plantings!

Reviews of summer residents according to the type of pepper "Red Giant" are different, the fact is that there are quite a lot of seed producers of this pepper.

Gardeners are advised to purchase seeds from well-known agricultural firms with a good reputation, since the germination and yield of the crop directly depends on the quality of the seeds.

There are no unsuccessful experiments with the cultivation of this variety, it is not particularly whimsical, the main thing is to feed and moisten the soil during the time. In one voice, summer residents argue that the yield of pepper is really high, you can remove 8-10 pieces of large peppers from one bush.

The fruits are very juicy and sweet, stable during transportation. The peppers turn red on the bush, but you can collect them in a green and brown form, the fruits will still turn bright red. The bushes of plants are tall, some gardeners needed a garter of bushes and pinching, removal of excess shoots.

It is always pleasant to pick large and juicy peppers. Anyone who has not yet acquired a greenhouse structure, but already dreams of collecting decent harvests, for example, in Siberia, should pay attention to the high-yielding Red Giant pepper. In this case, even in the garden there will always be countless large fruits on the bushes. This variety is optimal for fresh consumption and for preparing blanks for future use. Are you interested in culture? Explore the reviews about the Red Giant pepper and go ahead - to conquer a new culture.


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