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Potatoes Luck: we grow an early ripe variety

 Potatoes Luck: we grow an early ripe variety



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Potato Luck is the pride of Russian breeding. It is an early maturing variety adapted to various types of soil with even and smooth tubers, which are good for both boiling and roasting.

Brief history of the variety

Potato Luck is the result of the selection work of scientists of the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Potato Farming named after V.I. A.G. Lorkha. The farmers tried to embody in this variety all the best that culture can give.

Description and characteristics of the potato variety Udacha

Potatoes are early ripe. It is planted earlier than other varieties, depending on the growing area. Harvesting begins within 55-60 days from the moment of planting.

Tubers with a light, thin and smooth skin, yellowish or light brown in color. The eyes are small, distinguished by a darker color. The shape is very easy to clean, there are no bends or dents. The fruit is round, slightly elongated. The starch content is 10-15%. The weight of the potatoes is average.

Medium-sized bush resistant to lodging

The above-ground part is of medium height, the stem is quite resistant to lodging. Leaves are dark green, matte. The flowers are white, petals with curved tips. Flowering starts amicably.

Compared to other varieties of potatoes, the tops of the variety Luck are voluminous, the bush is very leafy.

Potatoes of the Luck variety have snow-white flowers

Potatoes Luck is grown everywhere, it is very undemanding to the soil and gives consistently high yields even on loam.

Luck is also remarkable in that in case of damage during harvesting, the tubers do not darken, as in other varieties of potatoes, but remain white and clean.

Advantages and disadvantages of potato varieties Luck - table

Benefits of the variety Disadvantages of the variety
Undemanding to soilThe green part is affected by late blight
Short ripening period
Resistant to many diseasesGrows poorly in cold soil
High and stable yield
Resistant to temperatures
Good keeping quality
Resistance to mechanical damage

Planting and leaving

Before planting potatoes of the Luck variety, you need to take care of its predecessors, with whom this culture is “friendly”. Ideally, these can be legumes, green manures such as lupine or phacelia. You can not plant potatoes after tomatoes, as these vegetables have common diseases.

Seed preparation for planting

It is very important to prepare the tubers for planting. You can not plant in the ground, even heated enough, planting material that has just been raised from cold storage facilities. It will take a very long time to germinate and the harvest time may be delayed by several weeks.

Before planting, you need to germinate potato tubers

The potatoes must be prepared for planting. What does it mean? Two to three weeks before planting in the soil, the tubers should be germinated. To do this, they are laid out in a warm and bright room. It may be dark, but in this case the sprouts will turn out to be weaker and more fragile and, when planting, can be easily damaged and even broken off.

Preparing potatoes for planting - video

Scheme and landing time

Potatoes should be planted in late April - early May. The main indicator for starting the procedure is soil temperature. It should reach + 6-8 degrees. Planting in cold soil, as well as a delay of a week or two, will lead to the loss of half of the crop.

It is advisable to plant potatoes in warm and prepared soil.

When planting, the distance between the tubers must be observed. The recommended scheme is 30x60 cm. Potato plantings should not be thickened, this affects the yield. Despite the natural soil plasticity, the maximum guaranteed yield of potatoes of the Udacha variety can be obtained on well-groomed, prepared and fertilized lands.

Planting potatoes for an early harvest

There is an effective way to get a super early harvest. Tubers set aside for planting are planted in boxes with sawdust and watered. Thus, after 2 weeks, a formed plant is obtained, which is planted in open ground. Instead of sawdust, you can use peat. But potato growers rarely use this method, since it is quite time consuming.

When planting potatoes in early spring, one must not forget that although the variety is cold-resistant, when the soil freezes, the planting material may not sprout. Therefore, it is necessary to take care of covering the soil during the spring drops in air temperature.

Watering features

The Udacha variety painlessly tolerates an arid climate, but still it is necessary to water the potatoes. Watered with settled tap or rain water, warm enough. Loosening is carried out after each procedure.

The first watering occurs at the time of the appearance of the first shoots of potatoes. Loosening must be carried out immediately after watering in order to destroy the top layer of the soil, preventing crust formation. Thus, oxygen is provided to the roots of the plant. The second moistening is carried out during the flowering period of the potato. It is important to irrigate between rows and not by rain. The last procedure should be carried out no later than two weeks before harvest.

Fertilization dates - table

Terms of introductionTop dressing (for 10 liters of water)number
First germination phase
  • 1 tbsp. l. urea;
  • 0.5 l mullein;
  • 1 tbsp. bird droppings.
For one bush 0.5 l of solution.
Budding period, beginning of flowering
  • 1 tbsp. potassium sulfate;
  • 2-3 st. wood ash.
During the flowering period of potatoes
  • 2 tbsp. superphosphate;
  • 1 cup mushy mullein (or chicken droppings)

Diseases and pests

The potato variety Luck is resistant to a variety of diseases, but it is affected by late blight, and it is also attacked by stem nematode, Colorado potato beetle, bear and other pests.

Diseases and pests of the variety Luck and methods of dealing with them - table

Disease / pestSigns of defeatProphylaxisControl measures
Late blight
  • dark gray spots on stems and leaves;
  • rotting tubers
  • regular weeding and removal of weeds;
  • compliance with crop rotation.
  1. Affected plants are dug up and destroyed.
  2. Before flowering, potatoes are treated with Ridomil Gold (10 g per 4 l).
  3. After flowering, they are treated with the Hom preparation (30 g per 10 l).
Stem nematode
  • bushiness and thickening of the stems;
  • pale color of leaves;
  • short internodes;
  • small dark spots on tubers
When planting, 1 tbsp is added to each hole. wood ash.Affected plants are dug up and destroyed.
Wirewormthe appearance of grooves in tubers
  • planting legumes in one hole with potatoes;
  • adding a handful of onion husks to each planting hole.
Mix the drug Actellik with water and acetone (15 ml-80 ml-200 ml) and process the bushes.
Colorado beetleinhibition of plant development and tuber formationPlanting odorous plants next to potatoes, such as:
  • marigold;
  • dill;
  • calendula.
  1. The insects are collected by hand.
  2. They are processed with drugs Aktara, Corado, BI-58, Tanrek, Karate (according to the instructions).
Medvedkathe appearance of grooves in tubers
  • digging the soil to a depth of 20 cm;
  • destruction of adult insects and larvae;
  • disinfection of the soil with a solution of potassium permanganate.
The plantings are treated with a solution of laundry soap (2 pieces per bucket of water).

Diseases and pests characteristic of the Luck variety - photo gallery

Harvesting Good Luck begins after 40–45 days after planting. Young potatoes are tasty, white or yellowish after boiling.

The main harvest begins in August, when the tops are practically dry. This is what serves as a signal for the farmer or summer resident.

Potato harvest begins in August

Before laying the crop for winter storage, the potatoes must be properly dried. Do this in a ventilated room or in the fresh air, but not under the scorching rays of the sun.

Reviews of gardeners about potatoes of this variety

Potatoes Luck has been around for decades. And judging by its characteristics, it will be in demand for many years to come. This variety is a great option for growing on personal plots and in agricultural complexes.


Planting Selection

potato - German, patentee - EUROPLANT PFLANZENZUCHT Among. GMBH of other early varieties has a very high keeping quality. Read more about potatoes Potatoes. Bellarosa "Jelly" refers to mid-season varieties, which have become widespread when cultivated on a commercial scale. The originator of this variety is Europlant, a well-known potato grower in our country and abroad. Most often, potatoes are planted in prepared furrows, while simultaneously plowing high-quality mineral or organic fertilizers into the soil.


Riviera potato variety - secrets of growing and care

Potatoes are often called the second bread. Oh nourishing and not boring. And young potatoes are a delicacy for many. Gardeners make great efforts to get it as early as possible at the very beginning of summer. But often early potato varieties are not very fruitful, painful, of a mediocre taste and do not keep well in winter. All these troubles will bypass those potato growers who were able to plant the super-early Riviera potatoes on their site.

Description of the potato variety Riviera

The Riviera potato variety was created in the Netherlands in 2007. It has been distributed in Russia since 2013. it's one from the earliest, tubers can be dug out within 40 days after germination, in mid-June. It grows best in the Central region, and in the southern regions it gives good yields even twice a season.

The bush has a spreading, medium height with large leaves. A feature of the variety is that it does not bloom until early harvest. On average, 10-12 tubers weighing 100-200 g are tied under one bush. They are yellowish-creamy, with a smooth skin, oval with small eyes. The pulp is yellow, contains up to 16% starch.

The potato tastes good and excellent, depending on the soil and care. The tasters rated it at 4.8–5 points. When boiled, it is crumbly. The marketability of the variety is high, up to 96% of the tubers are preserved during transportation. It differs from other early varieties and the fact that the tubers are well preserved, up to 94% during the winter storage period. The plant is resistant to the causative agent of potato cancer, bacterial rot, scab, banded mosaic and other viral infections, and golden cyst nematode. Susceptible to late blight, but with early harvesting, it manages to give the crop before the spread of this disease.

The smooth light yellow tubers of the Riviera potatoes are perfectly preserved throughout the winter.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety - table

Low resistance to late blight of tops and tubers

Planting Riviera potatoes

Site selection and soil preparation for planting

Potatoes do not tolerate shading, this must be taken into account when choosing a place for planting. It is advisable to prepare the soil in advance, from the beginning of autumn. Dig shallow, half a bayonet with a shovel. Mark ridges in the direction from south to north with a width of 80 cm and a distance of 1 m between them. Sow future potato beds with siderates: phacelia, white mustard, oats, vetch, rye. It is advisable to sow useful herbs as thick as possible in order to drown out weeds. Before the onset of stable cold weather, cut the grown plants with a flat cutter, mixing with the soil and leave until spring. In the spring, loosen the soil with a flat cutter, add 1 glass of deciduous tree ash per square meter and start planting.

Ridges planted with white mustard and phacelia will not overgrow with weeds

Tuber preparation

Seed tubers, unless purchased externally, should be picked immediately while harvesting the potatoes. So that the variety does not degenerate, tubers are selected for seeds from the most productive bushes no smaller than a chicken egg. It is possible and larger, but then when planting the potato will have to be cut. Selected potatoes for seeds are laid out for drying and landscaping in the sun, if the weather permits, or under a canopy in the light. Then they are removed to the basement for storage.

The greener the potato, the more solanine it contains, a poison that kills pathogens of various diseases and rot on tubers. Well-greened potatoes are also avoided by rodents.

In the spring, a month before planting, seed tubers are lifted from the basement and laid out for germination in the light. For disinfection, potatoes are dipped for 15 minutes in a hot (40–45 ° C) solution of potassium permanganate of bright pink color. If last summer signs of fungal diseases appeared on the tops, 1 tsp copper sulfate is added to the solution. for 10 liters of solution. Then the tubers are washed with cold water, dried and placed in transparent containers for germination. It is convenient to use plastic water bottles with a cut-off neck. After the sprouts appear, the tubers are laid out in boxes, sprinkled with wet sawdust and placed in a dark, warm place to form roots.

Tubers with green sprouts placed in wet sawdust will root and sprout 7-10 days faster

Large tubers must be cut into pieces before planting. A bush grown from a whole potato will not give good roots and will be weaker than plants that, due to a lack of nutrients in a piece of the mother tuber, will tend to build up a powerful root system. Help to activate dormant eyes and shallow, up to 1.5 cm, pulp cuts on small seed potatoes. you need to cut or cut the tuber so that at least three eyes remain on each part. The main condition is when cutting: the knife must be lowered after each cut into a disinfecting strong solution of potassium permanganate. And powder all the cuts with oven ash.

Preparing tubers for planting - photo gallery

Solutions for disinfection of potato tubers: potassium permanganate and copper sulfate Sprouted and rooted tubers will sprout faster Variants of dividing a large tuber into parts Each part of the tuber must have at least 2-3 eyes In a potato cut in this way, all dormant eyes awaken and shoot growth is activated Small parts of the tuber are planted at a distance of 15-20 cm in a row

Planting cut large potatoes, according to many gardeners, results in a better harvest. The tubers grow large and one-dimensional, there are more of them under the bushes than when planted with whole small potatoes. It is only necessary to reduce the depth of their planting to 6-8 cm, and the soil should be warmer. It is best not to bury them, but to spread them over the surface at a distance of 15–20 cm and rake in soil from the row spacings, forming high ridges. But you need to cut the seed tubers on the day of planting. Sliced ​​potatoes are not stored!

Planting: time, scheme and choice of method for growing Riviera potatoes

Planting time for potatoes depends on the growing region and weather conditions. The tubers are planted in the ground heated to 10-12 degrees. As a rule, this coincides with the appearance of the first leaves on the birch. In the southern regions, potatoes are planted as early as March and planting is repeated after the first harvest in June, harvesting the potatoes twice a season. And there are many ways to plant and grow. Each is designed for certain conditions of the growing region and creating optimal conditions for plants: heat, moisture, looseness of the soil.

The traditional method, which is appropriate for the Central Region, is to dig holes half a bayonet deep with a shovel. For early varieties, to which the Riviera belongs, the distance between tubers (25–30 cm) and rows (60 cm) is less than for middle and late varieties. Seed material is laid out in holes, covered with earth and the surface is leveled with a rake.

In southern areas with dry and hot summers, potatoes are best planted in trenches. To do this, they are dug up to a depth of 10–20 cm, the bottom is lined with hay or mown withered grass, the tubers are laid out with sprouts upward at intervals of 25–30 cm and covered with earth on top. The depth of the trench depends on the soil and moisture. The lighter the soil and drier the climate, the deeper the potato trench. In areas with late spring and cool summer, a shallow groove is simply made on the prepared soil, tubers are laid out along it, then closing them with soil from row spacing on both sides.

Planting potatoes without a shovel - video

If there is not enough space for potato ridges, you can grow crops in bags, barrels, buckets. The bottom of the container is filled with rotten hay or sawdust, covered with humus to the middle, into which the seed tuber is buried. As the shoots grow, they are mulched with fertile soil until they fill the container to the top. Growing in this way is complicated by the fact that in extreme heat, the roots of the plants can become very hot. And such bushes will need to be watered almost daily.

When growing potatoes in this way, the crop can be harvested without damaging the bush.

Potato care consists of several components:

  • Loosening and weeding.
  • Watering.
  • Hilling and mulching.
  • Top dressing.
  • Cleaning and preparation of the site for potatoes for the next season.

Loosening and weeding

It is necessary to loosen the soil and weed out the weeds after each rain so that a crust does not form on the soil. Cut weeds are not removed, but left in the aisles. Especially carefully you need to get rid of wheatgrass, the neighborhood with which the potatoes cannot stand. Wheatgrass roots are an excellent breeding ground for such pests as wireworms.

Watering

Potatoes need constant moisture at the roots, especially during the period of laying the tubers. Therefore, in the absence of rain at this time, the potatoes need to be watered. 2-3 liters of water are poured onto each plant by any means: from a watering can, from a hose, by sprinkling. A prerequisite for maintaining moisture is hilling plants after watering. Two weeks before harvest, and on the Riviera it is the second half of June - early July, watering is stopped.

Watering potatoes with a sprinkler

Hilling

Riviera potatoes need to be sprinkled twice during the growing season. The first time at the appearance of the first shoots, to protect against frost return. Second, when the shoots grow 15–20 cm. To preserve moisture and enrich the soil with nutrients, the aisles are filled with cut grass, chopped up hay. When hilling, this mulch is shoveled onto the bushes, and the next portion is added to the aisles.

Fan hilling of potatoes - video

Top dressing and fertilizers

To accelerate the ripening of Riviera potato tubers and increase the starch content in them, it is useful to carry out a single foliar top dressing along the tops with the following composition: Dissolve 50 g of ammonium nitrate in 10 liters of water, add 0.5 teaspoon of copper sulfate. One bucket of such funds will be enough for 3 ares. It is better to spray early in the morning or late in the evening, after sunset. Such an operation will accelerate the flow of nutrients from the tops to the tubers.

With proper soil preparation for planting Riviera potatoes, it does not need fertilizers and root dressings during the growing season. Nitrogen fertilization will cause the growth of tops to the detriment of the development of tubers, and an excess of chemical elements in the soil can impair the taste of potatoes. In the fall, after harvesting, the following fertilizers are applied to the soil: manure - 1 bucket or 2 glasses of dry bird droppings, plus a liter can of ash per m2.

Post-harvest work

A week before harvesting, the tops are mowed and burned, the soil is loosened and leveled and sown with siderates. To save expensive seeds, plants are placed only on the ridges, leaving the aisles free. Digging up the soil in the fall is permissible if there are a lot of pests living in the soil. They come to the surface and die.

Super early Riviera potatoes ripen in June, before flowering


Potatoes Nevsky: variety descriptions, planting and care technology, important aspects of growing

It is not for nothing that potatoes are called the second bread. It's rare for the average Russian to go without eating this vegetable. One of the favorite varieties was the Nevsky potato.

Brief history of the variety

Potatoes Nevsky is an old-timer. 1976 is considered to be his date of birth. Scientists at the West Siberian Research Institute of Agriculture of Russia developed a hybrid suitable for Siberian climatic conditions. They crossed the varieties Veselovskaya and Candidate, taking the best characteristics from each.

The resulting hybrid turned out to be successful according to important criteria: yield, taste, disease resistance and keeping quality. The variety met the expectations of summer residents and large potato growers. This is confirmed by the fact that a quarter of all cultivated areas in Russia, occupied by potatoes, are allocated for the Nevsky variety.

Description of potatoes variety Nevsky

The yield of Nevsky potatoes is impressive. One bush can give one and a half kilograms of potatoes, under favorable conditions - up to two kilograms. Summer residents can get 400-600 kg from one hundred square meters. For industrial volumes of potato production, the figure reaches 60 tons per hectare.

Potato variety Nevsky belongs to medium early varieties. After the emergence of friendly shoots, you can harvest at the end of the third month (on the 80-90th day).

Bushes are erect, consisting of a large number of powerful stems of medium height. The tops are bright green, spreading, covering the soil. The leaves are small, regular in shape. Nevsky blooms with white flowers that do not last long and quickly fall off.

Each bush is characterized by a developed root system, which during a drought provides the plant with water from the deep layers of the soil. When the air temperature rises, the leaves on the bushes curl, which reduces the evaporation of moisture from their surface.

Root crops with a white-yellow skin are covered with pink eyes. Fruits of an elongated rounded shape reach a mass of 90 to 130 grams. Up to 17 root crops can be obtained from each bush. When the potato is cut, a pleasant white flesh is visible.

Potatoes are rich in vitamin C, which is a natural antioxidant. The starch content of this potato variety is low - 10.4–14.8%. Due to the moderation of its content, the pulp does not darken when peeling potatoes. No dark spots appear on the tubers during cooking. Root crops are not watery, but at the same time they do not boil and retain their shape.

The variety easily tolerates drought. Does not deteriorate in wet soil during the rainy season. Possesses high keeping quality, keeping the appearance and taste on a par with late-ripening varieties. Does not require special storage conditions. Sprouts appear in the second half of winter.

Planting and leaving

For growing potatoes of the Nevsky variety, you should choose unshaded areas with good lighting throughout the day. Sandy loam and loamy soil is considered ideal. Although potatoes can produce a good harvest on any soil.

Planting and leaving

For growing potatoes of the Nevsky variety, you should choose unshaded areas with good lighting throughout the day. Sandy loam and loamy soil is considered ideal. Although potatoes can produce a good harvest on any soil.

To obtain greater productivity, it is necessary to adhere to a competent crop rotation. Ideal precursors for potatoes are beets, onions, corn, oats, carrots, beans, peas, garlic, bell peppers. It is unacceptable to plant this vegetable after sunflower, sorghum and all nightshades.

Soil preparation

Cooking a site for potatoes should be in the fall. It is necessary to free the land from tops and weeds. Then add lime (2 cups per square meter). It is good to fertilize in autumn with decomposed compost. It will perform a double function: it will fertilize the earth and warm it up. Phosphate and potassium can be added.

Spring work on the site is as follows:

  1. Remove stale snow. It is necessary that the earth warms up well over the entire area. Nevsky does not like cold soil for germination and may die.
  2. Dig up (or plow) the area thoroughly.
  3. Apply fertilizer.

The combination of digging the site and fertilizing with fertilizers has a beneficial effect on the future harvest. The introduction of wood ash is considered traditional (1 glass per 1 sq. M). Also for 1 sq. m of soil, you can add:

  • potassium sulfate (1 tablespoon),
  • superphosphate (1 tbsp. spoon),
  • nitrophosphate (2 tablespoons).

Additional applications per square meter depend on the quality of the soil: for peat soil, you need a bucket of sand, compost or humus, a bucket of peat or clay soil should be added to the sandy soil, and a bucket of peat (humus is possible) to the clay soil.

To increase the yield, it is necessary to prepare seed material. Only healthy and strong tubers are suitable for planting, without damage. Their mass should be no more than 100 and no less than 60 grams.

Seed germination will take several weeks. To begin with, the selected tubers must be held in a solution of potassium permanganate for several minutes. This will prevent disease from occurring.

Then scatter them over the surface in one or two layers and maintain the temperature + 15-18 degrees. So the potatoes should lie down for 2-3 weeks.

After the sprouts of 10-12 mm appear, Nevsky potatoes should be moved to a colder room or the temperature should be reduced to 10-12 degrees. This is how the plant hardens and the fragile shoots are strengthened.

Scheme and landing time

Potatoes should be planted in late April - early May. The main indicator for starting the procedure is soil temperature. It should reach + 6-8 degrees. Planting in cold soil, as well as a delay of a week or two, will lead to the loss of half of the crop.

The planting scheme is as follows: the holes are placed at a distance of 20 cm from each other, and 40 cm are left between the rows. The planting depth of the tuber depends on the planting time. The higher the soil temperature, the deeper the seed pits are dug.

It is possible to spread the prepared seed material into the prepared trenches at the same distance. Then cover them with earth, leveling the surface of the site. Poultry droppings, eggshells, onion husks, or wood ash can be added to each hole. If the area is small, it should be watered.

Planting in large areas is recommended on the eve of rain. Shoots can be seen in 10-15 days.

Irrigation scheme

The Nevsky variety is picky about moisture. Agricultural scientists have developed an effective irrigation scheme.

If the soil is too dry, watering can be made more frequent, especially during the flowering period. The hose does not need to be directed directly under the bush, it is better to apply drip wetting.

Loosening

The first loosening of the soil is carried out a week after planting. The procedure helps to kill weeds and get rid of dried crust.

After the sprouts reach a height of 12–15 cm, they are spud up for the first time. Near each potato bush, a mound of loosened earth is formed. Most often this is done with a hoe, but you can also use mechanized methods, using a hiller on a walk-behind tractor or tractor.

It is better to do this on a cloudy day, in the evening and morning hours. Re-hilling is carried out after the plant grows to 30 cm.

Variety Nevsky is resistant to most potato diseases. He does not suffer from mechanical damage. The absence of wounds on the peel makes it immune to viral and fungal diseases. But preventive measures to prevent infections must be carried out.

Potato pests and diseases Nevsky

When infected with a nematode, numerous dark spots appear on the tubers. Wireworms are click beetle larvae that gnaw into the flesh of a root vegetable. The Colorado potato beetle is very voracious. Medvedka gnaws grooves in tubers.

Harvesting and storage

Potatoes Nevsky were bred as a mid-early variety. This means that in mid-July, young tubers are ready for consumption. Delicious, juicy, full of nutrients, potatoes are good in any dish.

By the beginning of August, the tops begin to lay down. After the tops are completely dry, it is impossible to delay harvesting. A cold snap at night has a negative effect on the storage of potatoes. Traditional hand digging is done with a pitchfork. Potato digging machines can be used to harvest the Nevsky variety.

The harvested tubers must be sorted, choosing only healthy and large fruits. The rest can be used for animal feed.

Experts advise storing potatoes in wooden or plastic boxes, they must have holes for air circulation.

The container is installed in a basement or cellar, where the air temperature should not exceed 3-5 degrees. When spoiled tubers appear, the potatoes are sorted out, removing spoiled roots.

You can make many dishes from Nevsky potatoes. It is good in salads, stews, and soups. It makes delicious chips and mashed potatoes, but it is better to use a different variety for making fries.

Reviews of gardeners

Potatoes Nevsky is a lifesaver for a gardener in unpredictable natural conditions. The yield of the variety practically does not depend on the weather, and its immunity to many diseases allows you to consistently get a high yield.

All about Nevsky potatoes - description and characteristics of the variety, other aspects

Potatoes Nevsky belongs to the mid-early elite zoned varieties. This variety is unpretentious, as it adapts well to external influences. It is also renowned for its high yield and excellent keeping quality.

Brief history of the variety

Potato Nevsky was bred in 1976 at the North-West Agricultural Research Institute as a result of crossing the varieties Veselovskaya and Candidate. The goal of the breeders was to create an unpretentious and high-yielding crop. The Nevsky variety fully meets these requirements. Today, about 25% of all areas where potatoes grow are used for its planting.

Distinctive features

Potatoes Nevsky are distinguished by high yield rates. The productivity of one bush is 1.5 kg. 400-450 kg are harvested from a hundred square meters, and in some cases the amount of the crop reaches 600 kg. Nevsky is a mid-early variety: fruits ripen 80–90 days after germination.

Potato bushes consist of many erect, low and branched stems. The tops are sprawling, lush. Leaves are medium in size, colored green. Inflorescences are white. Tubers reach 90-130 g.

About 10-15 root crops are formed in one bush. They have a rounded oblong shape, covered with a smooth white-yellow skin with pink eyes. Due to the moderate amount of starch (10.4–14.8%), the pulp does not darken when peeling.

She has a pleasant white color.

Potatoes have a well-developed root system, which allows the crop to extract moisture from deep soil layers and tolerate drought. In hot weather, the leaf plates curl. This is how the potatoes prevent moisture from evaporating.

Landing rules

Seat selection

Potatoes prefer open, well-lit areas of the garden. The landing site should not be shaded.

Nevsky can grow in any soil, but the most suitable option for it is light loamy and sandy loam soil.

When choosing a location, keep in mind that not all crops are good precursors for potatoes. This vegetable should not be planted after nightshades, tomatoes, sargo and sunflowers.

Important! Potatoes should be planted in an area where cucumbers, garlic, beets, peas, peas, beans, onions, corn, bell peppers, carrots, oats used to grow.

Soil preparation

Soil preparation begins in the fall immediately after the previous harvest. In this case, it is important to perform the following actions:

  • First, remove all weeds and tops from the area. Dig up the soil and add 2 cups of lime per m2. After that, the soil does not need to be leveled.
  • In the spring, before planting, it is also necessary to apply fertilizers: 1 glass of ash, 1 tbsp. l. superphosphate and 1 tsp. potassium sulfate or 1 glass of wood ash and 2 tbsp. l. nitrofocks per 1 m2.
  • In addition, a bucket of humus, compost or river sand is added to the peat soil in clay soil - a bucket of humus or peat in sandy - a bucket of peat or clay soil per 1 m2.

Features of the preparation of tubers

Not only the soil needs preparation, but also the tubers themselves. First, sort through them, pick out medium-sized potatoes (about 100 g each) without damage. There are several ways to prepare root crops:

  • Warming up the vegetable. Place the potatoes in a warm place at 20 ° C for 2 months. Then move the roots to a bright, but cooler room (10 ° C is optimal).
  • Drying. Arrange the tubers in one layer in crates for a month. Do not cover the top of the container to ensure adequate ventilation.
  • Watering the tubers with a nutrient solution. To prepare it, you need to dilute 40 g of potassium salt and superphosphate in 10 liters of water. Processing is done from a watering can 2 days before planting, consumption: 10 liters per 50 kg.

However, one of the most common ways to prepare tubers is by sprouting. It, in turn, is divided into several methods:

  • The most common option is light germination, which involves exposing vegetables to artificial or daylight for 5-7 days. At the same time, the room temperature should be maintained at 12-15 ° C. Tubers are laid out in boxes in 1-2 layers.
  • You can also germinate potatoes in a humid environment. Root crops are placed in baskets or boxes and sprinkled with sawdust. The thickness of the upper and lower layers should be about 5 cm. The sawdust is watered so that they are slightly damp. Then the vegetables are placed for 12-15 days in a dark, well-ventilated room with a temperature of 15 ° C and a humidity of 70%. Sprouted tubers should have shoots 2-3 cm long.

Step-by-step instruction

Potatoes are planted in late April or early May, when the soil warms up to 6–8 ° C.

  • Root vegetables are placed in holes, which are located at a distance of 20 cm.The distance from the top of the potato to the surface of the soil should be 5 cm.
  • The rows are placed every 50–70 cm. Such a space will allow, with further care, to huddle the bushes.
  • Place 1 tuber in each hole, place it with sprouts up, then cover the hole with earth. Some gardeners prefer to cut vegetables when planting. For the Nevsky variety, this method cannot be used, this will reduce the yield of potatoes.
  • After planting is complete, use a rake to level the entire area.

Alternatively, you can not plant the tubers in holes, but simply in a shallow trench. To do this, a 7–10 cm depression is made along the entire row, where roots are laid out at a distance of 20–30 cm. The soil is poured from above to the previous level and leveled with a rake.

Important! It is not recommended to plant potatoes in cold soil, this will negatively affect fruiting.

Potato care Nevsky

Hilling

A week after planting, loosen the soil and remove weeds. In the future, dig up the soil as a dried crust appears. A month after planting, when the shoots reach 15 cm, carry out the first hilling, that is, sprinkling the bushes with loosened soil and forming mounds.

Work should be done in the morning or evening. During the day, it is possible to spud the bushes only in cloudy weather. When the seedling height is 30 cm, repeat the procedure. In the southern regions, it can be limited to two hilling.

And in northern areas during the growing season, this must be done 3-4 times at intervals of 3 weeks. But first, weed the area, remove the weeds, and only then huddle the potatoes.

The procedure can be performed both with an ordinary hoe and with a special hiller.

Features of watering potatoes Nevsky

Watering the bushes is carried out using a watering can without a spray. The use of a hose is not recommended, as the strong pressure of water can erode the soil around the plant's root system.

External signs of disease

Lumpy scab is a fungal disease that destroys almost all crops.

The silvery scab reduces the seed quality of the root crop.

Powdery scab affects tubers, roots, stolons and the subsoil part of the stems.

How to recognize pests

Wireworms damage tubers that become unusable.

Medvedka is a gluttonous pest that can destroy most of the crop.

The Colorado potato beetle depletes the plant.

The nematode parasitizes the roots and leads to the death of the bush.

Harvesting and storage

The crop is harvested in August-September, after the unearthly part of the potato is completely dry. This is a signal indicating the maturation of the root crop. Wear gloves before handling to keep your hands free of dirt. Pry each bush with a pitchfork and pull the potatoes by the tops. Place the crops in boxes with holes. Select damaged fruits.

Store potatoes in basements or cellars at a temperature of 3-5 ° C. Sort the fruit once a month. If there are spoiled tubers, they must be removed. The Nevsky variety is used for making salads and soups. Its fruits keep their shape well. And it is not recommended to cook mashed potatoes from these potatoes or fry them due to the low concentration of starch.

Important! The boxes with root crops must be placed on the boards, this will allow air circulation and evaporation of excess moisture.

Reviews of gardeners about the variety Nevsky

We planted Nevsky potatoes for a couple of years, the harvest was just excellent. Tubers for planting were medium-sized, the potatoes themselves lay in a cool place for a week and germinated. Since the garden is small, they planted a couple of acres. A little sandy earth was poured into the hole with the tuber. The potatoes were not watered often, but the weeding was done very often. Sprayed once during this time. We are happy with the harvest.

In this terrible summer for potatoes, we planted both the "elite" and seed from "Zvezda Sad" - several varieties, but next spring I will still return to "Nevsky". It turns out to be the most successful. Yes, and I like the taste and appearance - light yellow with pink eyes, slightly elongated.

In my Tver region, only Nevsky and Lugovsky have good yields. From my weave, I shoot up to 120 in a good summer, and in a raw 110 buckets of potatoes when planting, a row from a row of 1 m, and in a row 35 cm. And at the same time, I do not have much opportunity to devote time to potatoes.

This not the most successful summer, they planted the Nevsky and Zhukovsky varieties with my dad. We did better on Nevsky. So from this year we are planting only Nevsky.

Nevsky is an unpretentious variety. Its fruiting is weakly dependent on growing conditions. This characteristic of potatoes allows you to get a consistently high yield. The variety can be affected by some pests and diseases. But timely prevention will save the plant.

Landing features, preparation of the seat

There are potato varieties that have long been tested by time and have earned the trust of gardeners. But, unfortunately, they were undeservedly forgotten. Nevsky is an old-timer of Russian sites. Having grown it once, you will return to the variety again and again.

The history of the potato variety Nevsky

This potato variety was bred in 1976 at the Research Institute of Agriculture of the North-West region. The varieties Veselovskaya and Candidate were crossed. The result was an excellent potato, which was named Nevsky and entered the State Register in 1982.

Due to its adaptability to different growing regions, Nevsky quickly became popular, first in agricultural land, and then in personal household plots.

Nowadays, this potato has been undeservedly forgotten, giving preference to overseas varieties, which can not grow in all regions.

Productivity and ripening time

Nevsky potatoes are more likely to be a medium-late table variety. It takes almost three months from germination to harvest. Although you can try young potatoes already at the end of July, when the bushes begin to wither, provided that it is planted no later than the third decade of May.

This variety has a high yield, which is about 450 kg per one hundred square meters or one and a half kilograms per bush (about 10 medium tubers), subject to agricultural technology and recommendations for the fight and prevention of diseases and pests.

Appearance

Variety Nevsky is an erect, undersized bush with rather spreading, powerful branches, on which wide dark green leaves are located. Potatoes bloom with medium-sized white flowers, the root system is powerful.

Tubers of Nevsky in weight can reach 120 grams, oval-rounded, the surface is even, there are many pink eyes, but they are completely shallow. The skin is smooth, perfectly cleaned, the pulp is dense, non-watery, snow-white. The starch content is about 15%. After cleaning, tubers retain their original appearance, do not darken, and do not lose their excellent taste during heat treatment.

Nevsky potatoes are widely used in the preparation of various dishes - ideal for soups and salads. This variety is not very suitable for mashed potatoes: it does not boil well.

Planting and leaving

Site selection, soil preparation and planting material

When choosing a site for planting potatoes, it should be borne in mind that it is undesirable to place the root crop on the ground in which tomatoes and peppers grew for at least the next two years. It is good to plant potatoes in an area that has been visited by cereals or legumes.

So the soil "rests": it gets rid of harmful substances and is saturated with useful elements for subsequent good harvests.

Another important point: you cannot plant potatoes in areas shaded by trees and buildings, otherwise you can not expect a good harvest.

And also Nevsky prefers sandy and loamy soils. If there is no such place on the site, then it is necessary to add river sand and organic fertilizers of 8 kg for clay soils.

As soon as you decide on a planting site, you need, preferably in the fall, to prepare the soil. First, fertilizers are laid out: 8 kg of cow manure and compost per 1 m2, superphosphate is scattered. Then shovels are dug onto a bayonet and left until spring.

In the spring, as soon as the snow melts and the soil warms up, and the average daily temperature is not lower than 12 ° C, three days before planting the potatoes, it is necessary to dig up the soil on a shovel bayonet, adding superphosphate for digging (one handful per 1 m2).

The tubers begin to cook about three weeks before planting. Seed potatoes should be about the size of a hen's egg (approx. 80–90 g). It is advisable not to deviate from the recommended sizes: you should not expect a rich harvest from too small tubers, and very large ones can rot in the soil without giving offspring.

The seeds are examined for damage and diseases, then, for prevention, they are washed in a solution of potassium permanganate (about 10 crystals per 1 liter of water), laid out on a flat, dry place, dried, then placed in boxes, possibly in two layers, and placed in a bright place, but not in direct sunlight. Soon the tubers will turn green, and sprouts will appear from the eyes, which should not be longer than 10 cm before planting, otherwise they can be accidentally broken off, which will affect the seedlings.

The tubers are planted at a distance of half a meter from each other so that the roots develop freely in the ground, and the bushes do not create a strong thickening for good ventilation and the prevention of fungal diseases.

The depth of the fossa should be about 15 cm, the sprouts must look up when planting, the tuber is sprinkled with earth on top so that the shoots are not visible, but does not condense from above.

After planting, the ridges need to be hardened with a rake, breaking earth clods and loosening the soil.

Dangerous diseases and pests of the Nevsky potato

Colorado potato beetle larvae are very gluttonous. Medvedka reproduces well in manure and compost heaps. The field mouse is a dangerous pest that destroys crops at great speed. The nematoda forms galls on the roots, disrupting the natural process of development. Root rot cannot be cured, but it can be prevented. The wireworm loves acidic soils. Late blight spreads on the plant with lightning speed.

Harvesting and storage

Under normal growing conditions and the absence of diseases, the wilting of the ground part of the Nevsky potato occurs at the end of August. This means only one thing: it's time to harvest. The potatoes are dug out with a shovel. The tool is inserted into the ground with a bayonet and at a distance of at least 20 cm from the bush: if you dig too close, you can spoil half of the tubers.

The dug potatoes, provided there is no precipitation, are laid out on a flat surface and dried, only after that they are removed into boxes, and then into bags. If there is a threat that it will rain, then the tubers are laid out in boxes in one layer and removed in a well-ventilated room.

Potatoes are stored in ventilated cellars and cellars at a temperature of about +8 ° C and at least once a month they sort it out, discarding infected tubers.

Nevsky is notable for good keeping quality and transportability, does not germinate for a long time and retains all its taste.

Reviews of gardeners

Potatoes Nevsky are absolutely not whimsical and gives excellent yields in any area suitable for farming. To do this, you just need to follow the general recommendations for care, and also know potato enemies by sight.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

Potatoes are one of the favorite vegetables of many. Some even call it the second bread. It can be used to prepare a huge number of delicious side dishes and dishes that are served not only on weekdays, but also for various celebrations and holidays.

Great love among admirers of this culture was won by the Nevsky variety - a potato, the description of which will not leave indifferent any amateur gardener. For more than 30 years, it has been pleasing agronomists with its rich yield and excellent taste.

Description of the variety

Nevsky potato variety is one of the most popular domestic varieties. It was bred in the seventies by the breeders of the North-West Research Institute of Agriculture of Russia by crossing the varieties "Candidate" and "Veselovskaya" especially for our climatic conditions.

This means that getting a healthy and maximum yield for professional agronomists and amateur gardeners is not a big deal. From a hundred square meters of land, you can collect from 400 to 450 kg of potatoes, and under the most favorable conditions, good agricultural technology and active feeding of the crop, the yield increases to 600 kg per hundred square meters.

Thanks to all its qualities, the Nevsky potato quickly gained its popularity.

Nevsky potatoes have the following characteristics:

  1. Medium-early variety - 75-90 days from first germination to full maturity.
  2. Low bushes with powerful stems and light green tops.
  3. White flowers bloom profusely, but fall off quickly.
  4. Oval oblong tubers with a smooth white-yellow skin and pinkish shallow eyes.
  5. The white-creamy pulp does not darken when cut.
  6. Has excellent taste.The tubers are not watery, they do not darken during cooking.
  7. Rich in vitamin C, a natural antioxidant.
  8. The starch content is from 11% to 13%, due to which the vegetable does not disintegrate during cooking.
  9. The weight of one tuber can reach 85-125 g. From a bush, you can collect from 8 to 15 tubers of practically the same size (from 1.5 to 1.7 kg of yield).
  10. It has good resistance to many diseases - cancer, black leg, Alternaria. Less resistant to late blight and common scab. Unstable only to nematodes.
  11. Calmly tolerates dry weather, does not rot in waterlogged soil.
  12. Planting in cold soil is not recommended, it may die.
  13. Stored for a long time (surpasses even mid-late and late-ripening varieties in this), without requiring any special conditions. Does not germinate for a long time.

This variety is not particularly whimsical, but there are some peculiarities of growing potatoes. If you want a high yield of high-quality potatoes, be sure to follow all planting and care recommendations.

Site selection and soil preparation

The first step is to choose a suitable site for growing and properly prepare the soil for planting potatoes:

  1. Despite the unpretentiousness, the most suitable soils for growing Nevsky potatoes will be sandy loam and light loams with a deep arable layer.
  2. This potato variety, like any other, loves a lot of light, so it is better to choose a planting site as open and not darkened as possible. Do not choose areas that are obscured by houses or tall trees on the south and east sides.
  3. Nevsky potatoes can be grown on the same plot every 2-3 years, provided that the soil is well fertilized and with timely pest control.
  4. When choosing a site, remember that not all predecessors are suitable for growing potatoes. You can not plant a crop where tomatoes and other nightshades previously grew. Sunflower and sargo are also bad precursors.
  5. The best precursors to potatoes are cucumbers, green manures, carrots, cabbage, onions, bell peppers, peas, beans, corn, beets, and garlic.
  6. Those gardeners who have been cultivating the Nevsky variety for a long time recommend planting potatoes in those areas where oats previously grew. He is a natural soil cleaner against various infections, especially fungal infections. And in early spring, rotting in the ground, he gives it his warmth.
  7. In the fall, it is necessary to prepare the soil for planting - it is good to fertilize it. Most of all, decomposed compost is suitable for this, which will not only fertilize the soil, but will also warm it up. Potassium and phosphate are good fertilizers.
  8. If there is still a lot of snow on the site that you plan for planting potatoes in early spring, you need not wait for it to melt by itself. It is better to remove it manually, thereby accelerating the heating of the soil.
  9. As soon as the soil warms up well, it must be fertilized and dug up. The best organic feed for this would be bird droppings, peat, compost, slurry. You can also fertilize the soil with phosphorus, nitrogen and potassium solutions. The rates of applied fertilizers depend on the fertility of the soil. Another excellent fertilizer that significantly increases crop yields is wood ash. It contains almost all the necessary trace elements that potatoes really need.

Preparing seed potatoes for planting

If you do not have the opportunity, desire or time to independently prepare the tubers for planting, buying Nevsky seed potatoes is not a problem. There are many specialized stores for this today. For those who nevertheless decided to grow crops on their own, you need to know how to properly prepare Nevsky seed potatoes for planting:

  1. For seed potatoes, tubers weighing no more than 60-80 g are suitable.
  2. Before starting germination, the tubers must be held in a solution of potassium permanganate for 2-3 minutes. This will keep the seed potatoes free from pests and diseases.
  3. Spread the disinfected tubers on the floor or other surface in a room with an air temperature of 15-18 ° C and germinate them for 2-3 weeks.
  4. The sprouts of Nevsky potatoes are very tender and risk breaking off at any careless touch. Therefore, germinate the potatoes to a sprout size of no more than 12 mm.
  5. Unlike other varieties, Nevsky potatoes are not recommended to be cut into pieces.
  6. Sprouted tubers are placed in cooler conditions again so that they do not germinate further. This will also temper the seed potatoes.

Planting potatoes in the ground

Nevsky potatoes cannot be planted in cold soil, but you should not delay planting either, this can lead to low yields. If you are late with planting by 1-2 weeks, you can lose 50% of the total crop. In early May, when the soil has already warmed up well (up to 6-8 ° C), and you have done all the necessary work to prepare the site and the soil, you can start planting potatoes.

Proceed as follows:

  1. It is more convenient to plant potatoes together - one digs holes and buries the tubers, the second lays fertilizer and tubers.
  2. Dig holes to the depth of a shovel bayonet - approximately 20 cm. The depth depends on the time of planting - the later, the deeper the hole.
  3. The distance between the holes should be at least 40 cm, and the distance between the rows should be at least 60-70 cm. The distance must be maintained in order to make it convenient to hilling bushes in the future.
  4. Dip pre-prepared fertilizers into each hole - slurry or bird droppings. To them you can add onion husks and raw chicken eggshells mixed with wood ash.
  5. Mix fertilizer with soil and place potatoes, sprouts up, in each hole. Sprinkle soil over each tuber.
  6. After you finish planting, level the ground with a wooden rake and water the planted area well.
  7. You can see the first shoots of high-quality seed material in 15-20 days.

Nevsky potato care

Planting tubers is only half the battle. Any crop requires timely care and Nevsky potatoes are no exception. Potato care consists of the following steps:

  1. Until the first shoots appear, it is necessary to loosen the soil 2-3 times and weed from weeds that grow like mushrooms after rain.
  2. Moisten the soil regularly, especially during the flowering period of the bushes - at least 2-3 times a week in the absence of natural precipitation. If the area with potatoes is small, use settled water for irrigation.
  3. Do not water the bushes during the hot period of the day. It is best to do this early in the morning or late in the evening, after sunset. When using a hose for watering, do not aim the stream directly at the bush, as this may damage it. It would be more correct to put a sprayer on the hose.
  4. It is best to use drip irrigation for watering.
  5. A week after planting, the first harrowing of the soil is recommended to better saturate it with oxygen. The next harrowing can be carried out another week after the previous one.
  6. The first inter-row cultivation is carried out when the tops are closed. Work is carried out with a cultivator, hoe or hoe, depending on the area of ​​the site. Inter-row cultivation to a depth of 8 cm helps to get rid of weeds, loosens the soil, thereby facilitating the access of oxygen to it and accelerating moisture exchange. If the soil is too wet, cultivation is allowed to a greater depth (up to 10-12 cm).
  7. For the entire growing season, cultivation is carried out at least 3 times, if necessary, up to 4 times.
  8. In order for the tubers to develop well, it is necessary to sprinkle the bushes - sprinkle them with loosened soil, forming small piles of earth around. It is correct to carry out work on cloudy days on moist soil in the early morning or evening, after sunset. The first hilling is carried out immediately after the first shoots, then they will grow more intensively, plus weed shoots will die.
  9. The second hilling should be carried out during the period when the sprouts reach 25-30 cm in height. Weeds are preliminarily carried out and only after that the hilling itself.
  10. If potatoes are grown on loose soils in the southern regions of the country, then 2 hilling will be enough for the entire growing season. On heavy soils of the northern regions, the number of hilling should be increased up to 3-4 times.
  11. Any hilling is done only after rain or artificial moistening of the soil, using a walk-behind tractor or a hoe.

The potato variety Nevsky is remarkable in that it has a high resistance to almost all diseases, except for the nematode. If you do not fight this disease, then 90% of the crop may die. Affected bushes must be dug up and destroyed. To increase the resistance of Neva potatoes to the nematode, it is necessary to increase the immunity of tubers by fertilizing the soil for cultivation with organic fertilizers.

Harvest

Although Nevsky is considered to be a medium-early variety, you will be able to taste young potatoes already in mid-July during the lodging period of the tops. The complete drying of the tops occurs in mid or late August. This will be the signal to start harvesting.

By the fall, before the cold snap begins, the harvest must be harvested, since this potato variety does not like cold soil. It is better to dig potatoes in sunny, dry weather, so that the vegetables have time to dry out in the open air.

Then the crop is stored in a cellar.

Reviews of potatoes nevsky

This variety quickly gained respect among agronomists and amateur gardeners, who left their positive reviews about Nevsky potatoes:

  1. The first thing that was noted was a high stable yield.
  2. Unpretentiousness to soil and easy tolerance to drought and waterlogging.
  3. Excellent resistance to most diseases.
  4. Potatoes are well stored for a long time without sprouting.
  5. According to its taste and starch content, it is more suitable for stewing, for cooking chips, for cooking for side dishes and salads. Not very suitable for frying, which makes french fries a bit upset.

Secrets of care, collection and storage of crops

To enjoy a great potato harvest, you need to choose the right variety. When choosing, attention should be paid to the zoning of culture, adaptation to the climatic features of a particular area will depend on this. Potatoes Nevsky, a description of the variety, a photo, reviews of which we will consider, can be grown in any regions of Russia.

History of creation

Potato Nevsky was created by domestic breeders in 1976 by crossing the varieties Veselovskaya and Candidate. The goal of the specialists was to develop an unassuming and highly productive culture.

Today, Nevsky Potatoes (description of the variety, photo, reviews of which make up the topic of the article) are quite popular in cultivation. Its plantings occupy about a quarter of all potato plots in Russia.

Next, we will talk about Nevsky potatoes, a description of the variety, planting and the nuances of cultivation will be considered in detail.

General information

Nevsky is considered to be a first-class zoned species with a medium-early ripening period. He does not make high demands on self-care, easily adapts to environmental conditions. The variety is valued for its good yield and long keeping quality.

Productive indicators of one potato bush of Nevsky are equal to 1.5 kg. From each weave, you can collect up to 450 kg, and sometimes 600 kg. The fruits ripen 80-90 days after germination.

The aerial part of the plant is characterized by medium growth. The bush is erect, branched, with multiple stems. The leaves are dark green and medium in size. They have the ability to quickly regenerate in the event of injury by a Colorado pest. Flowering does not last long. Inflorescences are bright white.

The tubers of the plant are round-oblong in shape. The peel is light yellow, there are no irregularities. The flesh of the potato is white; when cutting, it does not tarnish for a long time. Marketable tuber weighs 90-130 grams.

Potato tubers of Nevsky are quickly washed and cleaned during cooking. They do not crumble during cooking. They are good for soups and salads. They do not go on mashed potatoes.

Individual properties

Potatoes Nevsky (a description of the variety, photos, reviews about it we will present in as much detail as possible) has a lot of advantages.

First of all, it is a high yield. Under appropriate conditions, each bush brings 8-20 tubers, this is 1.5-2 kg. 60 tons of potatoes are harvested from one hectare. This is a very good indicator.

The marketability of potatoes is also very high - 90-95%. This is due to the smooth tubers of almost the same size.

Nevsky is well kept in winter. The eyes on the tubers wake up at the same time. The variety is considered intensive, which means that it begins to grow actively after applying large amounts of fertilizer.

Nevsky is resistant to potato diseases such as late blight, rhizoctonia, cancer, scab. The vegetable tolerates waterlogging or dryness of the soil well.

These are the properties of Nevsky potatoes, a description of the variety and characteristics of the culture.

Tuber preparation

Potato tubers lie perfectly until spring. As soon as the awakening of the eyes begins, you can engage in pre-planting preparation. Tearing off the eyes as well as cutting the tubers are undesirable. This variety responds negatively to eye-breaking.

Before planting, the tubers are disinfected, heated and germinated in the light for two to three weeks. The variety is undemanding to the soil, but a decent harvest is obtained in light loamy and sandy soils.

Experts advise treating the tubers with growth stimulants during the pre-planting period. It is also better to plant potatoes in warm ground. Planting in cold soil will adversely affect plant development.

Also, for proper growth, a large amount of sunlight is needed, therefore, the most open area is chosen for planting. If planted in a shaded area, the yield will be significantly reduced.

Soil preparation

Vegetables are not recommended to be planted after tomatoes, sunflowers, sorghum. Cucumbers, beets, peppers, onions, carrots are considered to be successful precursors of potatoes.

The soil is dug up and fertilized. Land preparation begins after harvesting the fruits of the previous crops. It includes the following stages:

  • All weeds are removed first. The soil is dug up together with lime at the rate of two glasses for each square meter. Subsequent leveling of the soil is not required.
  • With the onset of spring, fertilizers are applied: a glass of ash, a tablespoon of superphosphate and potassium sulfate or a glass of ash and two tablespoons of nitrophoska per square meter.
  • If the soil is peaty, rotted manure, compost or sand is added to it. If clayey - rotted manure or peat. If sandy - peat or clay. The calculation of the application is one bucket per meter.

Landing

Potatoes are planted in early May, when the ground has reached a temperature of 6-8 degrees.

The tubers are planted in holes 8-15 cm deep. Wood ash, crushed eggshells and humus are preliminarily introduced into the holes. The intervals between the holes are 35-45 cm, between the rows - 60 cm. This distance will ensure the convenience of caring for the bushes.

Tubers are placed sprouts up. The wells fall asleep. The plot is leveled with a rake.

You can plant tubers not in holes, but in a prepared trench 7-10 cm deep. Root crops are placed at a distance of 20-30 cm. Then the depression is covered with earth, the site is also leveled with a rake.

Hilling procedure

About a week after planting, the soil is loosened and weeds are weeded on the potato beds.Hilling is started a month after planting. At this time, seedlings reach a height of 15 cm.

Hilling consists in sprinkling the bushes with loose soil and building hills.

The procedure is performed in the morning or in the evening. During the day, you can huddle only if the weather is cloudy.

Re-hilling is carried out when the bushes reach a height of 30 cm. In the northern regions, hilling is carried out 3-4 times per season every three weeks. For hilling, a special hiller or an ordinary hoe is suitable.

The nuances of cultivation

Potatoes Nevsky have a strong root structure. Thanks to this feature, the plant absorbs moisture from the depths of the soil. Thick glossy leaves do not allow moisture to disappear from the root areas.

If the weather is dry and the bushes have withered a bit, don't worry. The plant curls up to prevent moisture from disappearing. The glossy surface of the leaves perfectly reflects the sun's rays. Thus, the potato can tolerate dry weather. If the soil is waterlogged, this is also not a problem, provided that the ground is well warmed up.

From July, the bush gradually fades and bends down, and dries up in August. This means it's time to harvest. You should not hesitate during this period, as the tubers may begin to rot.

In general, the cultivation of Nevsky potatoes does not differ much from the cultivation of its fellows.

Possible diseases

The potato variety Nevsky, a description of which is presented in the article, is not very susceptible to disease. Nevertheless, from potential diseases can arise:

  • Silver scab. Pathology is manifested by the formation of small gray spots with dark specks. Pre-planting treatment, as well as spraying the tubers during growth with the "Fito Plus" preparation, will help prevent the disease. A preventive measure is the observance of the principles of crop rotation on the site, that is, the alternation of crops.
  • Lumpy scab. These are swellings of a dark color on the fruit. The methods of struggle are the same as in the case of the silver scab.
  • Powdery scab. Light-colored formations appear on the tubers, the peel cracks and dries. For the treatment of pathology, an aqueous solution of ammonium sulfate is used.

Pros and cons

The advantages of the variety are:

  • Resistance to mechanical stress during cleaning and transportation.
  • Low susceptibility to various potato infections.
  • Increased yields even under unfavorable conditions.
  • Excellent taste and aroma.
  • Vitamin C content.

  • Significant amount of starch, making this variety unsuitable for mashed potatoes.
  • Demanding for warming up the soil. Potatoes cannot stand cold soils.

Owners' opinions

Potato Nevsky collects extremely positive reviews about itself. It is one of the best cultivated species in Russia.

Gardeners appreciate this type of vegetable for its high fertility and amazing taste. It is not for nothing that the prevalence of this species is steadily increasing.


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