White, honey and other varieties of yellow plum
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In Russian gardens, the yellow variety of plum is rare, and people far from plant growing are often mistaken for cherry plum. There is some truth in this delusion. Many varieties of yellow-fruited plums are, in fact, related to cherry plums.
They belong to the group of mirabelles, which are extremely popular in France. Some yellow varieties (with a greenish tinge) belong to the Renklode subspecies. Some come from the Chinese plum. In this article, we will consider a description of different varieties of plums: small and large. And also we will find out what the different species are called.
Common features of yellow plum species
Most often, plants of this group have round fruits. Rounded-oblong are less common. The main color is, of course, yellow, although some varieties may have a slight blush or green tint. The yellow plum variety tastes sweet, very juicy. Often small in size.
Regardless of the type, all yellow plums are united by a characteristic feature - self-sterility. Very rarely, among them, there are varieties with partial self-fertility. This is due to the fact that yellow-fruited plums are a product of selection; they are not found in wild forms. However, self-sterility also has a downside: in the presence of a suitable pollinator, such plums are capable of producing a grand harvest.
Like blue plums, yellow plums differ in their early maturity. This characteristic determines which pollinator to choose. For early varieties, for example, the old Skorospelka early variety is suitable. Mid-season - July. Late - Moscow Hungarian.
Description of early ripe varieties of yellow plum
As a rule, yellow-fruited plums of early ripening can be removed at the end of July or in August. These are varieties for universal use. They are consumed fresh, processed into juices, jams and pastilles.
Early plum yellow ball
A small plum with an amazing taste that reminds someone of a pineapple, someone of a peach. The variety is also found under the name Golden Ball. It is easy to distinguish it from others: during the ripening period, the branches of the spreading tree are strewn with round yellow fruits, tightly sitting on short petioles, like sea buckthorn berries. This is not surprising, since the Yellow Ball belongs to the subspecies of the Chinese plum.
The Chinese plum is characterized by a very early and exuberant flowering. Each flower bud produces 3 or 4 flowers. The Yellow Ball differs from other plants in this group by its higher growth: the tree can reach 5 meters. However, the main parental traits are inherited by the variety:
- frost resistance (up to -50⁰С);
- early maturity (begins to bear fruit in the 3rd year);
- excellent keeping quality due to the dense skin;
- high transportability;
- resistance to major stone fruit diseases;
- low drought resistance;
- tendency to podpevayut root collar.
The yellow ball is a very fruitful variety. And since the weight of each fruit can reach 60 grams, increased attention is required from the gardener. It may be necessary in some years to thin out the fruit or set up supports to keep the branches from breaking.
Small plum Altai jubilee
This variety also has a Chinese ancestor - the Manchurian prune plum. Thanks to this, the Altai Jubilee is able to withstand the harsh conditions of the Urals and Siberia. The color of its fruits is twofold: the main color is yellow, the integumentary color from the sunny side is red, with a protective waxy coating.
It is a medium-sized tree with a low stem and a back-pyramidal habit. The plum is small-fruited (only 14-16 grams each), but the taste of the fruit is very harmonious, with some sourness.
Altai anniversary self-sterile plum, but it can be safely planted next to other varieties, - she herself is an excellent pollinator. Its yield is high, although irregular. It begins to bear fruit in the 3rd year of life.
Unfortunately, like all "Chinese women", Altai Jubilee is not too resistant to damping, and it is risky to grow it in the middle lane. But this variety rarely suffers from perforated spotting.
Round grade - Yantarnaya Mlievskaya
It is a thermophilic large-fruited variety bred by Ukrainian breeders at the Lev Platonovich Simirenko Institute of Pomology. According to some estimates, Yantarnaya is the best variety for making plum jam, because when overripe, the pectin content in fruits becomes very high.
The bright yellow fruits are oval in shape and can weigh up to 70 grams. The taste is very sweet, with a slight grape tinge. The pulp is juicy, with fibers, the stone separates well.
The peel on the fruit is thin, therefore, when fully ripe, they are poorly stored. However, Amber can be removed unripe - it lies in the refrigerator for a long time and is perfectly ripened.
The tree itself is medium-sized, with a compact crown, early-growing. Begins to bear fruit in the second year after planting. With a pollinator, up to 50 kg of fruit can be removed from one adult tree.
The winter hardiness of this variety is average. Regions with the harsh climate of Yantarnaya are not suitable. But in areas with mild winters, she does well. The main advantages of the variety: drought resistance and low susceptibility to stone fruit diseases.
Honey white (aka Honey yellow) was bred by the Donetsk breeder L.I. Taranenko. The variety is also thermophilic, in Russia it is zoned in the Central Black Earth Region. However, the experience of gardeners shows that Honey, grafted onto a frost-resistant stock, bears fruit successfully and further north - in the Moscow region, Belarus, in the Kaliningrad region.
Plum Honey belongs to tall varieties. The tree can grow up to 6 meters. The fruits are oval, with a transparent yellow skin, waxy, reaching a weight of 50 grams. From the illuminated side, an orange integumentary color sometimes appears on them. The pulp is slightly greenish to intense yellow, depending on the degree of ripeness. Honey's taste is bright, sweet with a subtle sourness and honey aroma. The stone sits tightly, but in ripe fruits it separates well.
With good care, the cultivar shows excellent disease resistance.
Additional advantages are drought resistance, good keeping quality and transportability of fruits. Medovaya tolerates frosts of the middle zone perfectly, flower buds do not freeze.
Of the relative, completely surmountable disadvantages, only self-sterility and high growth of the variety can be noted.
Tall plums require close attention to regulating their growth. If you allow them to grow freely and do not prune the tree, after a few years fruiting on the lower tier of the branches will fade away.
Mid-season varieties of yellow plum
Mid-ripening plums reach harvest maturity from late August to mid-September.
Just like Honey, this plum is sometimes called white, then yellow, thanks to the waxy coating on the fruits. Ochakovskaya plum is easy to distinguish from others during flowering - by its large double flowers.
This is an old Russian variety, suitable for central Russia. The tree is medium-sized, up to 4 meters in height, with a tendency to thicken the crown, therefore it requires vigilant care for its formation.
The fruits of Ochakovskaya are oval, with a poorly distinguishable seam, greenish-yellow tint. The taste is very pleasant: sweet, with a note of spice, the pulp is juicy. The bone, like that of Medova, is semi-lagging.
Unfortunately, with the high quality of the fruit, this variety has many disadvantages:
- a low ratio of the number of flower and vegetative buds (8: 100), which is why Ochakovskaya gives very modest yields;
- flower buds are poorly resistant to freezing;
- irregular fruiting;
- general low winter hardiness;
- the tendency of the fruit to crack and shedding.
This variety of yellow plum was bred by the Russian breeder A. Velyaminov. Compote plum is remarkable in that it has not a tree-like, but a bush form. The bush grows high enough, up to 3 meters. The crown is spreading, the branches are raised.
Compote is a small-fruited variety. The fruits are round, with a dense bright yellow skin, weighing only 15 grams, reminiscent of cherry plum. The pulp is loose, juicy, sweet and sour taste. The name itself speaks of the purpose of the variety.
This small plant gives relatively good and stable yields: 15-20 kg of plums per bush. The advantages of the variety include its high frost resistance.
A tree-like form can be found in nurseries under the name "Compote yellow". In taste and color, the fruits of this variety are very similar to the bush, however, they are larger in size - up to 30 grams.
Late-ripening varieties of yellow plum
The ripening dates for the fruits of late-ripening plums are from mid-September to October.
Heat-loving variety, Recommended by the State Register for the Lower Volga region. In severe frosts, shoots are damaged and one-two-year-old wood freezes.
Golden large differs from other yellow-fruited plums by partial self-fertility. The main advantage of the variety is large (more than 40 grams), excellent-tasting fruits, light yellow, with a slight blush, delicate edging and waxy bloom. They are able to ripen in the refrigerator and not lose quality in 1.5 months of storage.
The tree of this variety is medium-sized, with a pyramidal crown, begins to bear fruit in the 4th year. Yields are not record-breaking (about 30 kg per tree), but stable, without periodicity.
Other pluses of the Golden Large are high resistance to heat, drought and disease.
A very promising Bulgarian variety with exceptionally large fruits (60-70 grams). The fruits have an excellent dessert taste and an interesting color - yellow, with light greens. The yellow afasca is self-fertile, and the American plum Amers is best suited for pollination.
Another advantage of the Yellow Afasca is its early maturity. The variety can bring the first harvest already in the 2nd year. The plant is vigorous, with high winter hardiness and resistance to shark. It is also susceptible to other diseases of stone fruits.
Among the disadvantages of the variety can be called the poor keeping quality of the fruits and their ability to quickly overripe on the tree. You only need to collect the Yellow Afasca manually.
A rare, ancient variety, first described in 1676. Like many old varieties of plum, it has many disadvantages, but may be of interest to collectors.
Egg yellow fruits are rather large, but have a mediocre taste and are sour. Purpose - for processing into compotes, marshmallows. The skin color is bright yellow, the stone is inseparable. Fresh fruits begin to deteriorate after a week of storage.
The plant itself is vigorous, with a round sparse crown. Resistant to frost and drought, however, it is affected by fungal diseases of stone fruits. Enters fruiting late - from 6-7 years of age. Productivity with proper care is up to 40 kg per tree.
Yellow plum care
Caring for the yellow variety of plums is no different from caring for the blue. Some nuances depend on the specific variety, but the general rules are as follows:
- Regular watering. Plum loves water (but not stagnant water), and even drought-tolerant varieties will respond to a long absence of watering with reduced yields.
- Regular feeding according to the scheme: in the spring - nitrogen, in the summer - full complex fertilizer, in the fall - phosphorus and potassium.
- Regular pruning. Plum quickly grows and "runs" upward, and it needs to be formed.
- The correct selection of pollinators for self-infertile varieties.
- If necessary, yield regulation (fruit thinning).
- Mandatory water charging for the winter (after leaf fall, before frost).
With proper care, yellow plums will provide the gardener with wonderful fruits and good mood for 15-20 years.
White honey plum: photo and description of the variety
White honey plum is a high-yielding variety that is very popular with gardeners and consumers for its simplicity in growing, delicate honey aroma of fruits and their excellent taste.
The beginning of this variety was laid by the breeder Taranenko Lilia Ivanovna, who worked all her life at the Artyomovsk experimental nursery station IS UAAN and was awarded the title of Honored Agronomist of Ukraine.
Origin of the variety
The real full name of the variety is "White Honey". But this plum is also called in another way - "yellow", since in reality the skin of the fruit and the pulp under them have a bright rich yellow color.
The second part of the official name "honey" variety received for the original sweet taste and unforgettable aroma, which are clearly associated with honey. But, unlike the well-known beekeeping product, the taste of fruits is not sugary-sweet, but with a pleasant sourness, which sets off honey sweetness.
Plum of this variety was obtained in Ukraine, in the city of Artemovsk, Donetsk region, at a local experimental nursery station. The honor of breeding the variety belongs to Lilia Ivanovna Taranenko, Honored Agronomist of Ukraine.
This is an early ripe variety, the zoning zone of which includes the eastern and northern Ukrainian regions, but, due to its frost resistance, it is successfully grown in the Central black earth zone of Russia and even in the Moscow region.
The varietal description of the honey plum helps to visualize it:
- The tree is tall, with proper agricultural technology it can reach 5 m or more in height.
- Its crown is of the correct rounded type, not thickened, it is formed by a small number of branches of the 1st and 2nd order.
There are many flower buds, they are growing last year.
From them mature large (reaching a weight of 40-50 g) grow oval or pear-shaped-rounded fruits.
Yellow plum has a good taste, for which it was justly received a tasting score of 4.5 points out of 5 possible.
The calorie content of the fruit is, like other varieties of this plant, 46 kcal per 0.1 kg. a product that makes honey plum a diet food.
They are completely free of fats and cholesterol, but they contain:
- carbohydrates - 10 g
- proteins - 0.7 g
- fiber - 1.5 g
Also, these fruits are rich in potassium, carotene, ascorbic acid, magnesium, calcium and iron. They can be eaten fresh, prepared from them all kinds of homemade preparations - compotes, preserves, jams, syrups and used as a filling for brass pies.
Plum yellow "Honey"
To be precise, this variety of plums is called "White Honey". The adjective “yellow” is firmly attached to the name of this variety due to the fact that both the skin of the fruit and their flesh have a distinct yellow color. And why these plums are called honey, and there is no need to explain. If you have ever tasted these fragrant fruits, then you know that nothing but associations with honey causes their taste. But they are not sugary, as there is a pleasant sourness that sets off the honey sweetness. Yellow honey plum is a variety developed in Ukraine. L.I. Taranenko, a scientist working in the Donetsk branch of the Institute of Horticulture of the Ukrainian Academy of Agrarian Sciences.
The description of the honey plum should start with the fact that this tree is a vigorous plant. If planted in a suitable location, it can grow up to five meters in height.But at the same time, the tree does not differ in too dense crown. This is due to the fact that the number of branches in a tree of this variety is quite small when compared with plum trees of other varieties.
Plum of this variety blooms earlier than others. This is due to the fact that the White Honey variety is self-fertile, that is, neither the pollination process nor the further formation of inflorescences and fruits is possible if there is no pollen from other plants. Any plant of this species, which blooms in the same period, can act as a pollinator for trees of the "White Honey" variety. Plum trees of the varieties "Vengerka early Donetskaya", "Renklod Karbysheva" or "Hungarian early" are often used as pollinators.
The variety "White Honey" is a high-yielding variety. In addition, these trees can easily tolerate drought and light frosts, so these varieties of yellow plums can be grown in almost any region. Another advantage of this variety is its ease of maintenance. Even if "White Honey" is grown in the northern region, its fruits remain as large, without losing their taste, for which they love it.
Plum varieties "White Honey" grow quite large. One fruit can weigh 40 to 50 grams. Plums have a regular round shape, their skins are quite dense, which allows transportation without damage to the crop. The skin is yellow, there is a white waxy coating. The pulp is juicy, yellow in color, dense, has a light honey taste and aroma, with hints of sourness. The bone itself is not completely separated. Experts assessing the taste of the fruit, after tasting, gave the plums of the "White Honey" variety 4.5 points out of 5 possible.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
As mentioned above, the fruits of this plum variety ripen early enough. Often, already in the last days of July, you can start harvesting. The fruits of the "White Honey" variety are used mainly for fresh consumption. However, they are also suitable for conservation due to their dense skin. Jams, compotes, honey yellow plums jam are excellent. You can also use them to make pie fillings.
If we talk about the shortcomings of this variety, then at the present time gardeners have found only one. And it lies in the fact that the trees grow tall, which means that they will take up a lot of space in the garden. If the size of your plot allows you to plant several trees of the "White Honey" variety without harming other plants, feel free to purchase seedlings. The flavor of these aromatic fruits is so good that you will not regret it.
Description of the tree
The crown of the tree is spherical or egg-shaped, as well as an irregular shape. The leaves of the tree are elongated, from below with a small fluff, their stalk is small. The leaf grows up to six centimeters wide and up to twelve centimeters long. During the flowering period, about three flowers of white or pink shades, up to twenty mm in diameter, can form in the bud. The self-fertility of the tree depends on the variety, since the plant is considered monoecious.
Reference. If you plant other pollinating varieties next to the yellow plum, then the yield will be many times greater.
Fruits ripen from mid-summer to September, each variety has its own time. Yellow plums come in different diameters, ranging from eighteen mm to fifty mm. The fruits themselves are completely dependent on the plum variety.
Plum "White honey" 1 sapling
Plum "White honey" 1 sapling
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Plum "White Honey" is a variety of early ripening, grown in the garden and for commercial purposes. The culture is characterized by frost resistance, productivity, unpretentiousness, good taste and appearance of the fruits. The variety is suitable for cultivation in the Central region of Russia.
Description and characteristics of the variety
The tree has a high vigor of growth, after planting in the garden it quickly grows up to 5 meters, while the height depends on the climate.
Fruiting is annual, occurs 4-5 years after planting in a permanent place. The variety is self-fertile, to get fruit, pollinators are planted:
- Early renclaude
- Renklod Karbyshev.
The yield of an adult tree reaches 35 kg, while the number of ovaries is influenced by weather conditions: wind, heavy rains.
White inflorescences bloom in late April - early May, fruits ripen in mid-July, they are characterized by:
- round shape
- weighing up to 50g
- dense skin
- yellow color
- transparent and juicy pulp, very aromatic
- sweet, honey taste.
Due to the dense skin that does not spoil the taste, the fruits tolerate transportation well, do not crack when ripe. They have a universal purpose, suitable for fresh use, and homemade products.
Features of growing and care
Plum saplings "White honey" are planted in spring or autumn on a sunny area, protected from the north wind with deep groundwater.
The variety can be affected by diseases: rust, fruit rot, coccomycosis, as well as insect pests. For prevention, it is necessary to use fungicides, as well as:
- remove weeds and dry leaves
- whitewash the bole and skeletal branches.
How to make a purchase
Buy saplings of plum "White honey" at a bargain price is offered by our store. The site has a description, photos of the culture, customer reviews.
Delivery to Moscow, Krasnodar, St. Petersburg, Samara, Rostov, Stavropol, Nizhny Novgorod, Voronezh, Volgograd to other cities and regional centers of Russia is carried out by a transport company.