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WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Horticultural Therapy - Where To StartContent:
- Dictionary of Horticultural Terms used on this Website
- The Meaning of "Horticulture"
- RHS hardiness rating
- A PHYTOALIMURGIC GARDEN TO PROMOTE WILD EDIBLE PLANTS
- What do the terms perennial, biennial and annual mean?
- Gardening Terms
Dictionary of Horticultural Terms used on this Website
Glossary Have you ever found good information on a gardening topic that you really wanted to know about, but it had terms in it that you didn't know the meaning of? It can become frustrating coping with the many different terms and descriptions. Garden Gate Greenhouse is providing this glossary listing of definitions to help clear this up for you.
Now you are only just a couple of clicks away at any time from knowing exactly what these terms mean. If there is a word you feel should be included that isn't here, contact us so that we can add it. Acid Medium - A compost which contains little or no lime and has a pH of less than 6.
Sometimes referred to as "sour" soil by gardeners. Acid Rain - Rainwater that contains sulfur dioxide and other pollutants from industrial plants. Adventitious - Having growth from places where normally growth does not occur for example if a stem is buried and a plant will grow. Adventitious Plant - A young plant that develops in an asexual manner on the leaves or stems of the mother plant.
Kolanchoe are good examples of this. Aeration - The loosening of soil by digging or other mechanical means to allow air to pass freely. Aerial Root - A root which grows out from the stem above ground level. Aerial roots are commonly seen on mature specimens of Monstera deliciosa.
Aerobic - Usually used for describing a characteristic of compost heaps. Describes organisms living or occurring only in the presence of oxygen. Aggregate Culture - The use of solid material to grow plants.
Some examples are: gravel, rockwool, sand, all with the additional use of a nutrient water soluble solution. Agricultural Extension Service - A county agency that is supported and monitored by the land grant university for each individual state.
Great place to seek out the horticultural agent, receive publications, and advice. This is your taxes in action. Air Layering - A method of propagating single-stem plants, such as Ficus elastica decora, which have lost their lower leaves and become leggy.
An incision is made to a portion of outer stem layer, damp sphagnum moss is wrapped in a bag around it until roots develop. Then it is cut and replanted with its shorter stem size. Alkaline Soil - Soil that has a pH level of about 7. Sometimes referred to as "sweet" soil by gardeners. All American Rose Selections, Inc. The association is comprised of rose producers, growers, and people who introduce new hybrids.
All America Selections AAS - This is a group of people in the horticultural business who test new cultivars of flowers and vegetables. All of these gold medal winners can be raised from seed. Allelopathy - The release of chemicals by certain plants that will prevent the growing of other plants nearby. Walnut trees are very well known to do this. Alpine - Plants from high mountain regions. Anything that is from above the tree line.
They are able to overwinter beneath deep snow protected from extreme low temperature by their moisture. Alpine House - A special greenhouse created to meet the requirements of alpines.
It is usually kept cool in the summer by shading the glass. In the winter it is unheated unless it needs to provide protection from very severe cold. Alternate - Leaf form, where the leaves are arranged singly at different heights on the stem. Compare opposite and whorled. Amendment - Usually referring to some form of organic material being added to the soil for the purpose of improvement.
Amphibious - The ability of plants to brow both in aquatic and in the exposed soil. Usually in a moist or boggy condition, when the winter recedes in the area. Anaerobic - Describes organisms living or occurring when oxygen is absent.
Usually term used when talking about compost heaps. Annual - A plant which completes its life cycle within one year of germination. Compare biennial and perennial. Anther - The part of the flower which produces pollen. It is the upper section of the stamen. Aphids - Small sap sucking insects. They infect foliage and are easily recognized by the sugary "honey dew" that they secrete that often attracts ants.
Can be controlled by application of soapy solution. Arbor Pergola - A free standing structure used in the garden to support vines or climbing plants of all sorts for shade, a walkway, or just a focal point. Arborist - A specialist who cares and maintains trees. Everything from planting, to pruning and also diagnosing and treating diseases. Arboretum - This is a garden with a large collection of trees and shrubs.
They are specifically grown for scientific or educational purpose. Areole - A small well-defined area, usually hairy and cushion-like, found on the stem of cacti. From them arise spinesorglochids. Aroid Arum - Any plant of the family Araceae; have small flowers massed on a spadix surrounded by a large spathe.
Atrium - A structure that provides lots of above light for plants. Commercial buildings often have their foyer as an atrium. Many homes have built in atriums. Axil - The angle between the upper surface of a leaf or leaf stalk and the stem that carries it. A growth or flower bud "axillary bud" often appears in the axil. B and B - Balled and burlap, a method in which plants are sold where the roots of a plant have been lifted and wrapped in burlap sometimes plastic covered material to keep it together until transplanted.
Large trees are often sold this way. BT - Bacillus thuringiensis. A bacterium which will destroy the stomach cells of insects that consume it. It degrades quickly in sunlight so spray early in the evening. This biological insecticides will also kill young butterfly caterpillars. Backbulb - refers to the propagation of an orchid. It is the old, dormant pseudobulb, it may be leafless, but will still produce a new plant. Backyard Wildlife Habitat - A dreamy situation where native plant materials are providing food and shelter for protection and reproduction for birds, insects, and mammals in one's own backyard.
Bare-Root - Usually referring to deciduous shrubs and trees, and some other perennials, with all the soil removed from their roots that are sold at nurseries. Bedding Plant - Plants suitable for massing in beds for their colorful flowers or foliage.
Usually annuals. Bell Jar - An old term and glass container which is bell shaped. On the top is a knob for the use of protection of a delicate plant. From the Victorian Era and now days known as a cloche. Beneficial Insect - These are insects that will improve and work in our gardens. By improving the soil, going after harmful insects, and will pollinate plants.
Ladybeetles, earthworms, and bees are well known. Berm - A landscaping technique that is used to create interest, privacy, or screening. It may also divert water runoff. It is made by creating a mound of earth or a hill. Biennial - A plant which completes its life cycle in two seasons. Compare annual and perennial. Binomial Nomenclature - The current scientific method of naming species of plants and animals.
Biological Pest Control - Using living organisms such as beneficial insects or parasites to destroy garden pests.
Black Spot - A disease on the foliage of roses. It is caused by moisture. To avoid, plant disease-resistant roses. Clean up after pruning. One can use fungicide during damp weather - captan, copper, or lime sulfur are most effective when you follow the instructions carefully. One can also use baking soda sodium bicarbonate at a rate of one teaspoon to one gallon.
Use in the morning to prevent sun scald. You may also try neem oil. Blanch - To keep light from the leaves and stems, keeping the pant tissue soft i.
The Meaning of "Horticulture"
Gardening has many health and therapeutic benefits for older people, especially edible gardening. Garden beds, equipment and tools can all be modified to create a garden that is interesting, accessible and productive. Some medical conditions and physical disabilities may restrict or prevent older people from participating in gardening. However, with planning and a few changes, you can create a safe, accessible and pleasant space. Some physical, mental and age-related conditions must be considered when older people work in the garden, but they should not prevent people from enjoying the garden. These include:.
Definition of green wall; What are the functions and benefits? offering alternatives for urban agriculture, gardening, and indoor decor.
RHS hardiness rating
If we eat the part derived from the ovaries or other reproductive tissue, we call it a fruit, explains Marvin Pritts, a horticulture researcher and professor at Cornell University. In response, many new at-home gardeners sowed the seeds to meet demand, investing in household horticulture. We hired a guy called Patrick Cullina, who was at the Brooklyn Botanic Garden, to run the horticulture and operations of the park. All the common garden fruits of Europe flourish here; but too little attention is paid to horticulture. The botanical garden and hot-house are on a large scale, and exhibit a favorable specimen of the present state of horticulture. The first contains the laws relating to agriculture and horticulture ; the second, those which refer to feasts and holidays. In agriculture and horticulture the influence of the farm or the fruit crop rarely extends beyond the owner's fence. Observe now the chromatic variety and beauty produced by intelligent horticulture!
A PHYTOALIMURGIC GARDEN TO PROMOTE WILD EDIBLE PLANTS
Space to play or pause, M to mute, left and right arrows to seek, up and down arrows for volume. Soil is the foundation of any garden, but not all soils are the same. Josh is here to show you how to handle sandy soils and get the most out of them for your garden. Soil is life - providing all the nutrients and water plants need to grow. Soil is really a mix of different components like organic matter, water, minerals, oxygen particles and living organisms.
Horticulture is, at the most basic level, the science or art of cultivating fruits, vegetables, flowers, or ornamental plants. The origin of the term lies in two Latin words: hortus meaning "garden" and cultus which means "tilling".
What do the terms perennial, biennial and annual mean?
Kanno , M. Hirai, T. Ochiai, H. Simon, G. The perianths of Liliaceae plants have two outer whorls of almost identical petaloid organs, called tepals. To explain the morphology of Liliaceae flowers, van Tunen et al. According to this model, class B genes are expressed in whorl 1, as well as in whorls 2 and 3. Viridiflora is a well-known cultivar group of tulips, whose organs in whorls 1 and 2 are greenish partially 'sepaloid' rather than fully petaloid, and whose stamens are slightly degenerated.
Areas that meet the definition of urban and built-up areas consisting of Noncultivated cropland includes permanent hayland and horticultural cropland.
E-mail: CIP ed. Definition: A program that focuses on domesticated plants and plant materials used for decorative and recreational applications and prepares individuals to breed, grow, and utilize ornamental plant varieties for commercial and aesthetic purposes. Includes instruction in applicable plant science subjects, the environmental design and artistic aspects of horticultural product usage, and the management of horticultural operations. New CIP codes will only be listed in the right-hand columns.
Plant type categories may seem a bit confusing. But once you know the basics that plants are grouped by their lifecycle, all will become clear. These plants are ones that flower reliably every year. Usually get bigger each time. Meaning the plant can regenerate the following year. There is a huge range of perennial plants.
Glossary Have you ever found good information on a gardening topic that you really wanted to know about, but it had terms in it that you didn't know the meaning of?
This is a common question that confronts both students and workers in plant agriculture. Indeed, it is important to be able to distinguish between the two main divisions of crop production, horticulture, and agronomy, in order to acquire a better theoretical understanding and skills in either specialized field. The proper delineation of the two divisions will likewise facilitate efforts on research and development directed on a certain groups of plants. However, it is quite impossible to give an exact definition of horticulture. Neither is it easy to enumerate its scope with definiteness. Nonetheless, substantial enlightenment on the concept, scope, and definition of horticulture can be obtained from the writing of various authorities in the field.
By this definition, that means virtually any plant that is growing where we do not want it to grow is a weed. They deprive cultivated plants of these requirements and reduce their vigour, yield or beauty. They also compete for your time!